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Kalia Upazila


Kalia Upazila (narail district) area 350.91 sq km, located in between 22°57' and 23°07' north latitudes and in between 89°30' and 89°48' east longitudes. It is bounded by narail sadar and lohagara upazilas on the north, terokhada, mollahat and dighalia upazilas on the south, gopalganj sadar upazila on the east, abhaynagar upazila on the west.

Population Total 233503; male 118062, female 115441; Muslim 191160, Hindu 42290, Buddhist 43 and others 10.

Water bodies Main rivers: nabaganga, madhumati; Baranal, Boalia, Chanchari and Pateshwari beels are notable.

Administration Kalia Thana was formed in 1866 and it was turned into an upazila' on 15 December 1984.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

13

111

187

33802

199701

654

43.57

41

Municipality

Area (sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

20.83

9

19

18430

885

46.60

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

20.29

5

15372

758

39.79

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Boranal Eliasabad

5782

5168

4935

40.11

Kalabaria 47

6865

8536

8210

43.37

Khasial 63

4662

6765

6535

40.95

Chanchari 31

5590

6578

6542

43.36

Joynagar 39

7817

6298

6177

31.94

Pahardanga 79

4682

6288

6399

43.68

Purulia 94

6716

9252

9102

38.67

Peruli 87

6498

13438

13482

42.74

Bauisena 15

6819

9363

8998

45.44

Babra Hachla 13

3402

4695

4757

43.54

Mauli 71

4642

7813

7539

31.51

Salamabad 95

5639

7514

7102

42.30

Hamidpur 23

8334

9318

8897

45.44

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics One domed Mosque at Kadamtala (Mughal period), abandoned building at village Purulia' (built by the Portuguese) and ancient underground buildings at village Araji Bansh (seventh century).

History of the War of Liberation On 8 December 1971, the freedom fighters launched attacks on the Pak army and Razakar base at Kalia High School and Kalia Dakbangalow. This encounter lasted for three days in which three freedom fighters were killed and so were 4 Pak soldiers and 9 razakars.

KaliaUpazila.jpg

Religious institutions Mosque 293, temple 77, church 1, tomb 3.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 42.29%; male 45.81%, female 38.77%. Educational institutions: college 6, secondary school 23, primary school 144, satellite school 10, community school 1, kindergarten 1, madrasa 46, orphanage 33. Noted educational institutions: Kalia Shaheed Abdus Salam Degree College, Munshi Manik Mia Degree College, Kalia Pilot High School (1865), Kalaria Multilateral Secondary School (1931), Chanchari Purulia Secondary School (1957), PS Girl's School (1911), Barai Para Primary School (1850), Babra Primary School (1895), The Patna Academy (1912).

Cultural organisations Library 1, club 22, cinema hall 1, theatre group 5, women organisation 12.

Amusement centres ecopark 'Arunima'. Main sources of income Agriculture 62.57%, non-agricultural labourer 2.21%, industry 1.41%, commerce 14.60%, transport and communication 3.22%, service 8.28%, construction 0.78%, religious service 0.27%, rent and remittance 1.48% and others 5.18%.Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 64.50%, landless 35.50%; agricultural landowner: urban 56.60% and rural 66.04%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, betel leaf, sesame, sweet potato.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops kaun, china, arahar. Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, papaya, futi (a variety of melon), sapodilla, guava, date, coconut.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 3581, poultry 67.

Communication facilities Pucca road 124 km, semi-pucca road 17 km, mud road 248 km; waterway 60 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, buffalo cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, saw mill, ice factory, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, weaving, tailoring, bamboo and wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 22; fairs 4, most noted of which are Kalia Bazar, Naraganti Bazar, Baradia Bazar, Kalabaria Bazar, Jogania Bazar, Khoraria Bazar, Chanchari Bazar, Peruli Bazar,' Charak Puja Mela and Rath Mela.

Main exports Coconut, betel leaf, date molasses.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 20.19% of the dwelling households have access to electricity. S

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 96.63%, pond 1.99%, tap 0.44% and others 0.94%. The presence of intolerable level of arsenic has been detected 73.76% in shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 40.59% (rural 38.47% and urban 51.52%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 49.69% (rural 51.33% and urban 42.21%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 9.72% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 12, satellite clinic 1, clinic 1, charitable hospital 1.

Natural disasters More than one hundred people were victims of the cyclones of 1909, 1961 and 1988; besides, it caused heavy damages to settlements, livestock and other properties of the upazila. Many people were victims of the famines of 1770 (1176 BS), 1943 and 1950. The floods of 1988 and 1998 caused heavy damages to settlements, livestock and crops of the upazila. Besides, in 1985 about 500 people of 12 villages were affected by diarrhea disease of which 25 lost their lives.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, Pradipan, Jagarani Chakra. [AAM Aawhad]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Kalia Upazila 2007.