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Purbadhala Upazila


Purbadhala Upazila (netrokona district) area 308.03 sq km, located in between 24°48' and 25°04' north latitudes and in between 90°27' and 90°44' east longitudes. It is bounded by durgapur (Netrokona) and dhobaura upazilas on the north, gauripur upazila on the south, netrokona sadar upazila on the east, phulpur and gauripur upazilas on the west.

Population Total 280372; male 143008, female 137364; Muslim 264712, Hindu 14311, Buddhist 768, Christian 62 and others 519. Indigenous community such as garo belongs to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: Dhalai, Soai, Mogra, Kalihar, Kangsa, Lauari; Mandarua, Singuar, Rajdhala and Akhter Beels are notable.

Administration Purbadhala Thana was formed in 1917 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

11

223

334

19351

261021

910

43.22

34.98

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

7.93

3

19351

2440

43.22

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Agia 07

6609

13035

13123

32.04

Khalishapur 79

7789

13262

12788

42.09

Gohalakanda 55

5697

14230

14063

35.20

Ghagra 39

8938

14056

13369

28.78

Jaria 71

5627

12808

12005

35.53

Dhala Mulgaon 31

8712

13051

11890

38.41

Narandia 87

5464

11587

11005

36.51

Purbadhala 94

6075

14470

13496

40.65

Bishkakuni 23

7186

12141

11944

31.49

Bairati 15

5749

10398

10072

37.29

Hogla 63

8438

13970

13609

33.45

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

PurbadhalaUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Sunaikandha Mosque, Latirkandha Mosque of Mughal period, ancient temple at Hogla, Zamindar Bari at Baghber and Narayandahar.

Historical events The founder of the Pagalpanthi doctrine Karam Shah and his son Tipu Shah settled at village Latirkanda of this upazila in 1792 and led the pagal panthi movement and peasant movements. Since 1786 they organized anti British movement in alliance with fakir-sannyasi resistance. The Pak army entered into Purbadhala for the first time on 29 April 1971. On 1 May the Pak army brutally killed noted physician Dr. Hem Bagchi, his brother-in-law Haridas Sinha and their service assistant Meghu at the courtyard of their residence.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1 (Trimahani).

Religious institutions Mosque 297, temple 27. Noted religious institutions: Purbadhala Bazar Jami Mosque, Hogla Nrisingh Jeu Akhra Temple.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 35.58%; male 38.38%, female 32.71%. Educational institutions: college 4, secondary school 19, primary school 154, madrasa 12. Noted educational institutions: Purbadhala Degree College (1969), Shaymganj Hafez Ziaur College (1972), Purbadhala Rabeya Ali Mohila College (1994), Purbadhala Jagatmoni Pilot High School (1916), Ghagra High School (1919), N Jaria Zhangail High School (1946), Khalishapur High School (1962), Narayandahar High School (1970), Deotukon High School (1919).

Cultural organisations Library 4, club 33, cinema hall 3, women organisation 1, playground 10, theatre group 1.

Main sources of income Agriculture 75.02%, non-agricultural labourer 3.74%, industry 0.51%, commerce 8.21%, transport and communication 2.44%, service 3.48%, construction 1.01%, religious service 0.22%, rent and remittance 0.18% and others 5.18%.

Main crops Paddy, jute.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, khesari, kalai, sweet potato, arahar, ginger, turmeric.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, wood-apple, banana, blackberry, lemon.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 4, poultry 26.

Communication facilities Pucca road 80 km, semi-pucca road 10 km, mud road 625 km; railway 22 km; waterway 7' km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Flour mill, saw mill, ice factory, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, embroidery, wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 5, fairs 2, most noted of which are Purbadhala Bazar, Hogla Bazar, Ghagra Bazar, Hiranpur Bazar, Shyamganj Bazar, Chaitra Baruni Mela and Samkranti Mela at Purbadhala.

Main exports Paddy, jute, fish.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 11.11% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 90.47%, tap 0.35%, pond 1.57% and others 7.61%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in 33% shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 14.90% (rural 13.54% and urban 34.23%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 53.96% (rural 54.64% and urban 44.28%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 31.14% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 11, satellite clinic 3.

Natural disasters 18 members of the Ansar were dead and 81 were seriously wounded due to the tornado of June 1975; it also seriously damaged the Ansar Camp of Jaria.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, proshika, asa, caritas, Shikha. [Syed Marufuzzaman]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Purbadhala Upazila 2007.