Bhurungamari Upazila

Bhurungamari Upazila (kurigram district) area 236.26 sq km, located in between 26°02' and 26°14' north latitudes and in between 89°36' and 89°48 east longitudes. It is bounded by west bengal (India) and assam (India) on the north, nageshwari upazila on the south, Assam on the east, West Bengal on the west. Bhurungamari upazila has 10 enclaves.

Population Total 231538; male 113502, female 118036; Muslim 227574, Hindu 3945, Buddhist 5, Christian 11 and others 3.

Water bodies Main rivers: dudhkumar, Phulkumar; Diadanga, Sarbajaya and Mara Sangkosh beels are notable.

Administration Bhurungamari Thana was formed in 1915 and it was turned into an upazila on 10 April 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
- 10 56 126 29683 201855 980 56.7 37.0
Upazila Town

(sq km)



(per sq km)

Literacy rate

14.92 3 29683 1989 56.7
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Andhari Jhar 13 6547 11349 11969 38.9
Char Bhurungamari 47 4607 7188 7532 35.4
Joymanirhat 57 4372 8011 8609 44.2
Tilai 95 4695 7850 8261 37.4
Paiker Chhara 66 6360 12230 12572 36.7
Pathardubi 76 6363 10438 10931 39.7
Bangasonahat 38 5331 9887 10370 30.2
Boldia 28 6126 11903 13062 35.7
Bhurungamari 19 7161 23774 23411 49.1
Shilkhuri 85 6821 10872 11319 36.0

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Dewan Khamar Jami Mosque, remnants of an ancient mosque on the south-west of Pateshwari Bazar (Mughal period), Indraprasad Dev Temple, Zamindar Bari (house) at Joymoni.

War of Liberation On 11 November 1971 in liberating Bhurungamari from the Pak occupant army 59 members of the Indian allied force including Major Ram Singh and five freedom fighters were killed. Having liberated Bhurungamari, on 20 November, a fierce direct encounter was held to liberate Raiganj in which more than one hundred Pak soldiers were killed and so were freedom fighter Lt Abu Sayed Muhammad Ashfaqus Samad (Bir Uttam) and some of his compatriots. Besides, the freedom fighters destroyed Sonahat Bridge on 26 November in order to obstruct the entry of the Pak army into the upazila. There is a mass grave behind the residence of the TNO and a mass killing site at the backyard of the hospital. About 30 human skulls have been discovered at the village Baghbhandar of the Bhurungamari Union.

For details: see ভুরুঙ্গামারী উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ৭।

Religious institutions Mosque 520, temple 14.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 39.6%; male 43.1%, female 36.2%. Educational institutions: college 5, secondary school 40, primary school 135, madrasa 27. Noted educational institutions: Bhurungamari Degree College (1967), Bhurungamari Mahila Degree College (1994), Bhurungamari Pilot High School (1925), Pateshwari Barkatia High School (1950), Thanaghat Multilateral High School (1961), Dhamerhat Government Primary School (1950), Bhurungamari Model Government Primary School, Baushmari Senior Madrasa (1938), Bhurungamari Senior Madrasa (1948).

Cultural organisations Library 2, club 15, cinema hall 3, playground 8.

Main sources of income Agriculture 75.2%, non-agricultural labourer 4.15%, industry 0.4%, commerce 8.06%, transport and communication 1.48%, service 2.99%, construction 0.44%, religious service 0.11%, rent and remittance 0.3% and others 6.87%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 54.45%, landless 45.55%; agricultural landowner: urban 44.23% and rural 55.78%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, potato, wheat, sugarcane, bamboo, vegetables.'

Extinct or nearly extinct crops China, aus paddy and arahar.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, betel nut, kamranga, olive, papaya, blackberry, chalta, jamrul, natko, litchi.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Dairy 5, poultry 32, nursery (fish).

Communication facilities Pucca road 59 km, mud road 240 km; waterway 15 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock and buffalo cart.

Noted manufactories Tea factory, incense factory, ball pen factory, biscuit factory, ice cream factory, welding, candle factory, fertiliser producing industry.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, jute industry, embroidery, bamboo work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 25, fairs 2; Joymanirhat, Sonahat, Shahi Bazar Hat, Bhurungamari Hat and Bharater Mela (Pateshwari) and Baruni Mela (Kalirhat) are notable.

Main exports Jute, betel nut, paddy, bamboo, chicken.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 18.6% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 97.1%, tap 0.2% and others 2.7%.

Sanitation 75.7% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 17.4% of dwelling houses use non-sanitary latrines; 6.9% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, Union health centre 4, family planning clinic 10, satellite clinic 42, private clinic 3, diagnostic centre 1.

Natural disasters 'The cyclone of 1957 and the flood of 1993 caused heavy damages to settlements and properties of the upazila.

NGO activities CARE, brac, rdrs, asa. [Md Kamal Hossain]

References' Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Bhurungamari Upazila 2007.