Kachua Upazila (Chandpur District)

Kachua Upazila (chandpur district) area 235.81 sq km, located in between 23°15' and 23°24' north latitudes and in between 90°48' and 91°01' east longitudes. It is bounded by chandina and daudkandi upazilas on the north, shahrasti and hajiganj upazilas on the south, barura and Chandina upazilas on the east, matlab dakshin and Hajiganj upazilas on the west.

Population Total 382139; male 180736, female 201403; Muslim 356729, Hindu 25368, Buddhist 26, Christian 9 and others 7.

Water bodies Main rivers: Kachua, Kalichhari; Boaljuri and Batakashi canals are notable.

Administration Kachua Thana was formed in 1918 and it was turned into an upazila on 20 July 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 12 159 232 27024 355115 1621 63.3 53.0

(sq km)




(per sq km)

Literacy rate

11.23 9 20 27024 2406 63.3
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Ashrafpur 13 5777 17016 19504 55.1
Uttar Kachua 39 4102 12712 14524 45.2
Uttar Gohat 23 3612 13161 14579 55.0
Karaia 63 6466 20359 22894 60.7
Kadla 55 5677 14841 17243 63.5
Dakshin Kachua 47 2623 8917 9885 51.5
Dakshin Gohat 31 3581 13380 15127 55.4
Paschim Sahadebpur 94 4593 12288 14036 49.5
Pathair 79 3662 10758 11966 50.3
Purba Sahadebpur 87 4186 11354 12685 39.8
Bitara 15 7323 19031 20911 53.8
Sachar 71 4183 13548 14396 46.0

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Bakhtiar Khan Jami Mosque (Ujani, 1107 AH), Jami Mosque at village Palgiri, Dighi and pata (stone slab) of Behula, temple of Sree Sree Jagannath Dev at Sachar (1870), Dighi at Saharpar (Rahimanagar), Manasa Mura, Math at Tulatali (sixteenth century).

War of Liberation On 14 September 1971 the local rajakars attacked the Raghunathpur Bazar and killed one freedom fighter and 14 innocent civilians. Operations during the War of Liberation were carried out in the upazila by the joint command of FF and BLF and the notable among the many encounters between the freedom fighters and Pak army that took place in the upazila were those at Raghnathpur and Sadoipura. A memorial monument has been built at Raghunathpur.

For details: see কচুয়া উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ২।

Religious institutions Mosque 443, temple 49, tomb 10, sacred place 1.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 53.8%; male 53.1%, female 54.4%. Educational institutions: college 1, secondary school 32, primary school 226, NGO school 49, madrasa 17. Noted educational institutions: Sachar High School (1916), Kachua Pilot Government High School (1937), Nischintapur DS Kamil Madrasa (1958), Chandpur Polytechnic Institute (2005).

Newspapers and periodicals Fortnightly: Kachua Kantha.

Cultural organisations Club 89, library 2, theatre group 2, women organisation 13, playground 32. Kachua Public Library and Dr. Muhammod Mansur Uddin Smriti Pathagar are notable.

Main sources of income Agriculture 52.47%, non-agricultural labourer 3.53%, industry 0.76%, commerce 12.74%, transport and communication 3.99%, service 9.95%, construction 2.07%, religious service 0.52%, rent and remittance 4.96% and others 9.01%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 64.59%, landless 35.41%; agricultural landowner: urban 57.37% and rural 65.07%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, potato, mustard, sesame.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, kaun, arahar.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, pineapple, banana, plum.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries This upazila has a number of fisheries, dairies and poultries.

Communication facilities Pucca road 257 km, semi-pucca road 10 km, mud road 789 km; waterway 45 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Flour mill, cold storage, ice factory, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, bidi factory, cocoon industry, bamboo and wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 32, fairs 10, most noted of which are Kachua, Rahimanagar, Sachar, Jagatpur, Darbeshganj and Charabhanga bazars, Harisavar Mela at Naula, Aingiri Mela, Goht Mela, Karaia Battala Mela and Meghdai Mela.

Main exports Plum, banana, potato.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 55.1% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 93.5%, tap 1.1% and others 5.4%.

Sanitation 57.4% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 39.7% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 2.9% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health centre 1, family planning centre 12.

Natural disasters The cyclone of 1974 caused heavy damages to the properties of a number of villages of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are asa, brac, Uddipan, BARD, the Good Earth. [Habibunnabi Shariful Haque Shajee]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Field report of Kachua Upazila 2007.