Kaliganj Upazila (Satkhira District)

Kaliganj Upazila (satkhira district) area 333.78 sq km, located in between 22°19' and 22°33' north latitudes and in between 88°58' and 89°10' east longitudes. It is bounded by debhata and assasuni upazilas on the north, shyamnagar upazila on the south, Assasuni upazila on the east, west bengal state of India on the west.

Population Total 274889; male 136089, female 138800; Muslim 231610, Hindu 43027, Christian 242, Buddhist 1 and others 9.

Water bodies Main rivers: jamuna, Kakshiali, Galghasia, Kalindi, Gutiakhali; Bilgali, Banshtala and Bagarkhali canals are notable.

Administration Kaliganj Thana was formed in 1942 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
- 12 243 254 16863 258026 824 59.93 51.2
Upazila Town

(sq km)



(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

7.15 6 16863 2358.46 59.9
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Kushlia 55 5152 11537 11418 60.5
Krishnanagar 47 5845 12148 13280 52.8
Champaphul 23 7475 8318 8150 49.4
Tarali 94 7338 11096 11022 50.2
Dakshin Sreepur 31 4601 8611 9050 50.9
Dhalbaria 39 8432 9751 10089 49.5
Nalta 79 10117 17433 17286 53.9
Bishnupur 15 4335 10927 11000 49.3
Mathureshpur 63 7473 12962 13390 53.7
Mautala 71 3163 9313 9586 47.6
Ratanpur 87 7512 11681 12220 51.5
Bhara Simla 13 5777 12312 12309 48.8

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Prabajpur Jami Mosque (Dhalbaria), Dargah of Madina Pir (Kushlia), tomb of Ganjon Pir (Ratanpur), tomb of Kangali Pir (Bhara Simla), tomb of Pir Ahsanullah (Nalta), Radha Govinda Jeu Mandir (Ratanpur), Nabaratna Mandir (Dhalbaria), Kali Mandir, Fort of Bikramaditya (Mathureshpur), Garh of Pratapaditya (Mahatpur), Damdama (fort).

War of Liberation During the war of liberation in 1971 Kaliganj was under Sector 9. There had been a number of encounters between the freedom fighters and the Pak army during this time in the upazila the most notable of which are at Basantapur, Khanzia, Pirojpur, Nazimganj, Dudli and Ukshar. Kaliganj was liberated on 20 November 1971.

For details: see কালীগঞ্জ উপজেলা (সাতক্ষীরা জেলা), বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ২।

Religious institutions Mosque 347, temple 19, tomb 5. Noted religious institutions: tomb of Choto Miah, tomb of Buro Pir, Three Temple, Kali Mandir.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 51.7%; male 55.4%, female 48.2%. Noted educational institutions: Kaliganj Degree College (1969), Dakshin Shreepur Kushlia Higher Secondary School (1926), Bishnupur Prankrishna Memorial School (1930), Dhuliapur High School (1930), Kaliganj Pilot High School (1936), Nalta High School, Champaphul Secondary School (1924), Nengi Secondary School (1929).

Newspapers and periodicals Periodicals: Gram Bangla (1987), Kakshiali (1992), Surya Tarun, Fariad, Kaliganj Barta, Nadi (1993), Mukti Surya (1995), Arjita Kantha (1998), Mukto Alap (2002), Raktim Surya (2004),' Al-Ahsan (2005), Smriti (2005), Bragratat (2005).

Cultural organisations Government Public Library, Ahsania Public Library (1980), Shaheed Smriti' Library (1995), brac Uttar Kaliganj Public Library (2001), BRAC Karbala Public Library (2003), Sushilan Library (2002), Sumon Literary Group (1980), Kaliganj Literary Academy (1993), Kaliganj Theatre Group (1995), Fatehpur Cultural Organisation (1981).

Main sources of income Agriculture 56.81%, non-agricultural labourer 6.05%, industry 2.71%, commerce 19.88%, transport and communication 2.40%, service 4.37%, construction 0.93%, religious service 0.20%, rent and remittance 0.30% and others 6.35%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 52.48%, landless 47.52%; agricultural landowner: urban 43.45% and rural 53.03%.

Main crops Paddy, potato, brinjal, betel leaf, sweet potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, 'mug, khesari, arahar.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, litchi, water-melon, futi, 'banana, papaya.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries This upazila has a number of fisheries and poultries.

Communication facilities Pucca road 206.5 km, semi-pucca road 92 km, mud road 649.5 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Flour mill, ice factory, fish processing factory, oil mill, rice mill, printing press.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, potteries, weaving, bamboo work, nakshi kantha, jute work, wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 50, fairs 2, most noted of which are Nalta Hat, Nazimganj Hat, Kaliganj Hat, Banshtala Hat, Bishnupur Bazar, Ratanpur Bazar, Krishnanagar Bazar, Rathjatra Mela (Kushlia), Nalta Shorifer Mela are notable.

Main exports Betel leaf, shrimp.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 32.2% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 77.8%, tap 14.6% and others 7.6%. The level of arsenic in the shallow tube-well water of the upazila is very acute.

Sanitation 42.91% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 48.36% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 8.73% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 8, clinic 5, union health centre 3.

Natural disasters Many people were victims of the cyclones of 1970 and 1988; these also caused heavy damages to settlements, livestock and crops of the upazila.'

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, Sushilan. [Sachhida Nanda De]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Field report of Kaliganj Upazila 2007.