Panchagarh District

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Panchagarh District (rangpur division) area 1404.62 sq km, located in between 26°00' and 26°38' north latitudes and in between 88°19' and 88°49' east longitudes. It is bounded by west bengal state of India on the north, dinajpur and thakurgaon districts on the south, nilphamari district on the east, West Bengal state of India on the west. Elenen Indian enclaves are located in this district. These enclaves are Puthimari, Daikhat, Shalbari, Kajladighi, Natak Toka, Nazirganj under Boda upazila;' Behula Danga, Balapara Kotbhajani, Dahala Khagrabari under Debiganj upazila; and' Gabati and Singimari under Panchagarh Sadar upazila. Panchagarh district is located on the northern extremity of Bangladesh.

Population Total 987644; male 496725, female 490919; Muslim 820629, Hindu 163404, Buddhist 21, Christian 2513 and others 1077.

Water bodies Main rivers: karatoya, atrai, mahananda, tangon, Dahuk, Patharaj, Talma, Nagar, Chawai.

Administration During the British rule in India Panchagarh was a Thana under Jalpaiguri district of West Bengal. It was included in Dinajpur district at the time of the partition of India in 1947. Panchagarh Sub Division was formed in 1980 comprising Panchagarh, Boda, Debiganj, Atwari and Tentulia upazilas. The Sub Division was turned into a district in 1984.

Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
1404.62 5 2 43 420 825 95149 892495 703 51.8
Others Information of District
Name of Upazila Area (sq km) Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Atwari 209.93 - 6 61 64 133650 637 59.8
Tentulia 189.10 - 7 33 246 125454 663 47.3
Debiganj 309.02 - 10 100 101 224709 727 47.7
Panchagarh Sadar 347.09 1 10 75 195 271707 783 53.2
Boda 349.47 1 10 151 219 232124 664 51.8

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

War of Liberation Two members of the EPR were shot dead by the Pak army in Panchagarh at the beginning of the war of liberation. Freedom fighters killed 18 Pak soldiers in an encounter with them. The freedom fighters of Panchagarh also destroyed a bridge near the Amarkhana Camp on the Chawai River to obstruct the entry of the Pak army from the north. During the period from 19 April to 30 April 1971 the Pak army killed about fifty persons at Panchagarh Town and Mirgarh. In the last week of April 1971 the Pak army killed 11 persons at Fakirganj Hat of Atwari upazila. On 27 May they killed 7 innocent persons including 5 of the same family at village Radhanagar. On 3 June the Pak army killed 5 innocent persons at village Sukhati of Atwari upazila. In July they killed 16 persons at Amarkhana of Panchagarh Sadar. The Pak army also killed 11 persons at a place near Nayadighi pond of village Dhamor under Atwari upazila. In the last part of October the Pak army killed 27 persons of village Duhapara of Toria of this upazila. In November the Pak army killed 18 innocent persons at Diagari under Debiganj upazila. Mass graves had been discovered at two places (on the bank of the Karatoya river and at Mirzapur Punna-dighi of Atwari thana) and there is a mass killing site at Char area on the eastern bank of the Karatoya adjacent to the Panchagarh town. A memorial monument has been established at Dhakkamara of Panchagarh town.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 51.8%; male 55.2%, female 48.3%. Educational institutions: college 25, secondary school 240, primary school 59, madrasa 60. Noted educational institutions: Makbular Rahman Government College (1965), Boda English High School (1888), Mirzapur High School at Atwari (1904), Nrepen Narayan Pilot High School (1906), Bishnu Prasad High School at Panchagarh (1944), Tentulia Pilot High Nayadighi School (1959), Panchagarh Government Primary School (1956), Primary School at Boda (1828), Goalpara Primary School at Boda (1830), Boda Model Primary School (1873), Mirgarh Primary School at Panchagarh (1918), Maynaguri Primary School at Panchagarh (1928).

Main sources of income Agriculture 70.96%, non-agricultural labourer 5.42%, industry 0.47%, commerce 9.6%, transport and communication 3.72%, service 4.83%, construction 0.73%, religious service 0.15%, rent and remittance 0.13% and others 3.99%.

Newspapers and periodicals Ei Somoi, Karatoya, Pancharupa, Uttar Asa, Aloran, Barta, Unmesh, Durjay, Pilsuj (Panchagarh), Ekhane Surja Uthe, Ganapatro, Chetana (Boda), Chayapath, Purnabha (Debiganj), Panchagarh Barta (defunct).

Folk culture The most notable folk culture of the district include Bhawaiya song, Satya Pirer song, Jonger song, Vaisnava song, Baul song, Morsia, Natua, Guri Sangeet, Kirtan, Kavigan, folk tales, folk drama, proverbs, rhymes, riddle, etc.

Tourist spots Tentulia Dakbangalow and Banglabanha Zero Point, Tentulia Picnic Corner, Dahuk Picnic Spot, Rawshanpur Anandadhara and Tea Garden, Bhadreshwar Mandir at Tentulia, Mirzapur Shahi Mosque, Imambara and Bara Aulia Tomb at Atwari, Bodeshwar Mandir, Golakdham Mandir at Boda, Bangladesh China Friendship Bridge, Chandrima Uddan at Debiganj. [Md Sherozzaman]

See also The upazilas under this district.

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Panchagarh District 2007; Cultural survey report of upazilas of Panchagarh District 2007.