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Haluaghat Upazila


Haluaghat Upazila (mymensingh district) area 356.07 sq km, located in between 24°59' and 25°12' north latitudes and in between 90°14' and 90°33' east longitudes. It is bounded by the Meghalaya state of India on the north, phulpur upazila on the south, dhobaura upazila on the east and nalitabari upazila on the west.

Population Total 269372; male 136845, female 132527; Muslim 243513, Hindu 12510, Buddhist 13073 and others 276. Indigenous communities such as garo, hajong, Koch, Dalu, Bangshi Barman, Khatrio, Hadi, Kurmi, Mal belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: kangsa, Menong, Bhogai.

Administration Haluaghat Thana was formed in 1916 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

12

146

208

10549

258823

757

73.5

33.0

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate
(%)

2.77

2

10549

3808

73.5

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Amtail 06

5116

9670

9329

31.97

Kaichapur 74

6511

8366

8121

29.04

Gazir Bhita 47

7869

10533

10396

38.84

Jugli 67

8648

11048

11358

31.76

Dhara 33

6353

12997

12293

34.87

Dhurail 40

6916

11837

11022

34.35

Narail 81

9060

9811

9161

25.14

Bildora 21

7001

10274

9895

30.53

Bhubankura 20

7543

9860

9913

32.17

Sakuai 84

5170

9124

8992

30.34

Swadeshi 94

6759

10523

10183

32.49

Haluaghat 61

10536

22802

21864

47.35

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

HaluaghatUpazila.jpg

History of the War of Liberation A frontal battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army on 6 August 1971 at the Bandarkata Camp in which freedom fighters' Abdul Aziz and Parimal were killed. On 3 November, the freedom fighters launched simultaneous attack on the Pak army base at Telikhali from three sides, Karaitala, Baghaitala and Ramchandrakura; in this battle 121 Pak soldiers were killed and so were 26 freedom fighters.

Marks of War of Liberation Mass grave 2, memorial monument 6.

Religious institutions Mosque 441, temple 16, church 6. Noted religious institutions: Haluaghat Dhanhata Jami Mosque, Markas Mosque, Ramsundar Mandir, Beroidakuni Catholic Church (1928), Church of England or Oxford Church (Anglican Church), Akanpara Seven Day Adventist Mission, Rangrapara Garo Baptist Convention Mission, St. Andrewkim Catholic Mission, Gazir Vita Church.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 34.8%; male 37.7%, female 31.8%. Educational institutions: college 3, secondary school 29, primary school 155, madrasa 12. Noted educational institutions: Haluaghat Shaheed Smriti Degree College (1972), Haluaghat Adarsha College (1988), Beroi Dakuni High School (1941), Ideal High School (1951), Kutikura Karuapara High School (1924), Saint Andrews High School (1923), Saint Mary's Girls' Junior High School (1929), Haluaghat Mission School (1923), Dhurail Alim Madrasa (1966).

Cultural organisations Library 3, dance school 1, music school 1, cinema hall 2, club 30.

Main sources of income Agriculture 71.54%, non-agricultural labourer 3.60%, industry 0.45%, commerce 10.01%, transport and communication 3.50%, service 3.42%, construction 0.57%, religious service 0.18%, rent and remittance 0.13% and others 6.60%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 56.02%, landless 43.98%; agricultural landowner: urban 42.54% and rural 56.49%.'

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, mustard, ground nut, kasaba, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Pulse, linseed, sesame.

Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, blackberry, olive, banana, papaya, water-melon.'

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 200, dairy 6, poultry 40, hatchery 1.

Communication facilities Pucca road 43 km, semi-pucca road 17 km, mud road 350 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart and buffalo cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill 20, husking mill 200, flour mill 1, ice factory 3, press 3, welding factory 5.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, weaving, embroidery, bamboo work, wood work, carpet, nakshi kantha.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 20, fair 1, most noted of which Haluaghat Bazar, Baghaitala Bazar, Dhara Bazar, Dhurail Bazar, Surjapur Hat, Chhatugaon Hat, Nagla Hat and Kamakhar Mela.

Main exports Paddy, mango, blackberry, water-melon.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 5.02%' of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 91.10%, tap 0.46%, pond 0.96% and others 7.48%.

Sanitation 18.70% (rural 17.07% and urban 66.07%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 57.85% (rural 58.90% and urban 27.53%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 23.44% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 11, satellite health centre 2, hospital 2, community clinic 38, missionary operated health complex 3.

NGO activities brac, caritas, asa, CARE, CIDA, Popy, Palli Bikash, Sheba. [Jalal Uddin Ahmed]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Haluaghat Upazila 2007.