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Jaldhaka Upazila


Jaldhaka Upazila (nilphamari district) area 303.52 sq km, located in between 25°57' and 26°07' north latitudes and in between 88°50' and 89°07' east longitudes. It is bounded by dimla upazila on the north, kishoreganj (nilphamari) upazila on the south, hatibandha and kaliganj (lalmonirhat) upazilas on the east, nilphamari sadar and domar upazilas on the west.

Population Total 274736; male 141715, female 133021; Muslim 217944, Hindu 56480, Buddhist 38, Christian 113 and others 361.

Water bodies Main rivers: tista, Jamuneshwari, Bullai, ghaghat; Moiya Beel and Gabrail Beel are notable.

Administration Jaldhaka Thana was formed in 1911 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

-

12

69

69

14887

259849

905

49.0

32.1

Upazila Town

Area
(sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

11.66

3

14887

1277

49.0

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Kanthali 58

5366

10008

9215

32.80

Kaimari 51

8548

17881

16943

29.70

Khutamara 65

6555

14979

13797

30.40

Golna 36

7539

11379

10650

34.29

Golmunda 29

3865

11003

10628

31.70

Jaldhaka 43

6968

16551

15118

43.00

Daoabari 14

5499

5169

4856

28.81

Dharmapal 21

6392

10182

9547

37.32

Balagram 13

6662

11908

11321

31.48

Mirganj 80

5342

11780

10834

31.55

Shimulbari 87

6200

10564

10178

33.76

Saulmari 94

6063

10311

9934

27.52

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

JaldhakaUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Garh (fort) of Raja Dharmapal (Dharmapal union), ritual Pot of Raja Harishchandra (Khutamara union), Bhimer Dhap in Golna union.

History of the War of Liberation The Pak army established a camp at the Jaldhaka High School in 1971; they used to capture innocent persons from the nearby locality with the help of the local razakars and brutally killed them.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 2 (Kaliganj, and at the backyard of Jaldhaka High School).

Religious institutions Mosque 317, tomb 2, temple 25, sacred place 1.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 33.0%; male 38.9%, female 26.8%. Noted educational institutions: Jaldhaka Degree College (1972), Rabeya Chowdhury Women's Degree College (1994), Jaldhaka Business Management Institute (1995), Jaldhaka Pilot High School (1917), Shimulbari SC High School, Jaldhaka Model Government Primary School (1940), Golmunda Fazil Madrasa (1919).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Jalkatha, Jaltaranga.

Cultural organisations Library 2, club 19, theatre group 2, theatre stage 1, women's organisation 64, playground 45, music academy 2.

Main sources of income Agriculture 80.15%, non-agricultural labourer 2.54%, commerce 8.38%, transport and communication 2.06%, service 3.05%, construction 0.52%, religious service 0.15%, rent and remittance 0.10% and others 3.05%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 60.09%, landless 39.91%; agricultural landowner: urban 67.04% and rural 59.67%.

Main crops Paddy, tobacco, wheat, potato, jute, maize, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, china, barley, kaun, sweet potato, arahar, karpas cotton.

Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, black berry, banana, papaya, litchi.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 2440, dairy 28, poultry 12, nursery 35.

Communication facilities Pucca road 554 km, semi-pucca road 20 km, mud road 400 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, flour mill, ice factory, saw mill, cold storage, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, weaving, bamboo work and wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 85, fairs 3, most noted of which are Jaldhaka, Mirganj and Kaimari Hats; Tatua Mela and Balagram Chandihati Mela.

Main exports Tobacco, maize, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 8.02% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 85.55%, tap 0.36%, pond 0.49% and others 13.60%.

Sanitation 12.21% (rural 10.71% and urban 37.16%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 22.88% (rural 23.01% and urban 20.65%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 64.91% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 10, satellite clinic 3, leprosy treatment centre 1.

Natural disasters Many people of the upazila were victims of the great famine of 1943. Besides, the flood of 1998 caused heavy damages to settlements, lovestock, crops and other properties of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, CARE, Jaldhaka Samaj Kalyan Sangstha. [Bibekananda Mahanta]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Jaldhaka Upazila 2007.