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Domar Upazila


Domar Upazila (nilphamari district) area 250.84 sq km, located in between 26°02' and 26°19' north latitudes and in between 88°46' and 88°54' east longitudes. It is bounded by west bengal of India on the north, nilphamari sadar upazila on the south, dimla and jaldhaka upazilas on the east, debiganj upazila on the west.

Population Total 215699; male 110355, female 105344; Muslim 173716, Hindu 41852, Buddhist 31 and others 100.

Water bodies Main rivers: Jamuneshwari, Buri Tista and Deonai.

Administration Domar thana was formed in 1875 and it was turned into an' upazila in 1984.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural

1

10

47

47

36933

178766

860

50.7

43.4

Municipality

Area (sq km)

Ward

Mahalla

Population

Density
(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

9.42

9

12

16626

1765

58.0

Upazila Town

Area (sq km)

Mouza

Population

Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

21.48

4

20307

945

44.2

Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female

Ketkibari 76

4695

7812

7246

43.43

Gomnati 47

7054

10694

10725

45.07

Jorabari 66

5773

10024

3818

45.45

Domar 38

5238

8499

8017

42.55

Panga Matukpur 85

6034

9807

9131

38.74

Bamunia 17

4809

6917

6726

41.16

Boragari 28

7471

12788

12006

44.53

Bhogdabari 19

9046

16213

15300

51.46

Sonaroy 95

7057

11628

11265

41.04

Harinchara 57

4807

7361

7096

40.19

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

DomarUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Mainamati Fort (Harinchara), Shah Kaland's Tomb (Sonaroy).

Historical events The peasants of this upazila revolting against the British government and the local zamindars, declared Domar as an independent state in 1921. The Provincial Conference of the Krishak Sabha was held on 18 and 19 July 1942 in this upazila. The most noted participants of the conference were Communist leader Jyoti Basu, peasant leaders Mansur Habibullah and Nripen Chakraborti. tebhaga movement, in an extensive form, spread over the area in 1946-1947. At the end of April 1971 the people of the upazila marched towards Syedpur to attack the Pak army camp with 63 rifles and other indigenous weapons; however, they were forced to retreat.

Religious institutions Mosque 200, temple 50, tomb 7.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 44.7%; male 50.8% female 38.3%. Educational institutions: College 5, technical college 4, agricultural college 1, secondary school 44, vocational school 3, madrasa 14. Noted educational institutions: Domar Multilateral High School (1919).

Cultural organisations Club 17, library 2, cinema hall 4, theatre group 1, theatre stage 1, women's organisation 1, cultural organisation 2.

Main sources of income Agriculture 68.04%, non-agricultural labourer 4.69%, industry 0.38%, commerce 12.38%, transport and communication 3.78%, service 4.28%, construction 0.97%, religious service 0.25%, rent and remittance 0.19% and others 5.04%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 51.19%, landless 48.81%; agricultural landowner: urban 42.13% and rural 53.15%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, tobacco, potato, turmeric, ginger, onion, tomato, chilli and vegetables.

Extinct and nearly extinct crops Indigo, bhadai and aus paddy.

Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, black berry, banana, betel nut and litchi.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca 220 km, mud 285 km; railways 25 km; railway stations 3, bus stands 2.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, oil mill, saw mill, ice factory.

Cottage industries Bamboo work, bell-metal industry, blacksmith, potteries, wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 25, fairs 1, most noted of which are Basunia, Ambari and Boragari Hat.

Main exports Jute, ginger, potato, tomato, onion, betel nut.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However, 8.85% dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources' There is coarse sand (Domar Sand) in this upazila.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 80.42%,' pond 0.55%, tap 0.31% and others 18.72%.

Sanitation 9.73% (urban 22.19% and rural 7.04%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 26.99% (urban 22.39% and rural 27.99%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 63.28% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, hospital 1, family welfare centre 10, clinic 1,' community clinic 10, satellite clinic 8, pathological centre 1.

Natural disasters The famine of 1943 caused huge loss of life in this upazila.

ngo activities' brac, asa, proshika, Peaceful Bangladesh Society. [Riasat Karim]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Domar Upazila 2007.