Patiya Upazila

Patiya Upazila (chittagong district) area 298.62 sq km, located in between 22°13' and 22°21' north latitudes and in between 91°47' and 92°07' east longitudes. It is bounded by boalkhali upazila on the north, chandanaish and anowara upazilas on the south, rangunia and Chandanaish upazilas on the east, chandgaon, bakalia, kotwali, double mooring and bandar thanas on the west.

Population Total 456275; male 238157, female 218118; Muslim 370232, Hindu 76959, Buddhist 617, Christian 8329 and others 138.

Water bodies Main river: karnafuli; Morari and Chandkhali canals are notable.

Administration Patiya Thana was formed in 1950 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 22 119 128 50120 406155 1527 64.48 55.15
Municipality
Area (sq km) Ward Mahalla Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
9.96 9 12 50120 5032 64.48
Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Asia 12 1781 6388 6520 63.68
Kachuai 58 11919 10703 10271 47.10
Kasiais 64 2525 5000 4926 66.05
Kusumpura 76 2347 13998 13790 54.96
Kelishahar 67 6106 8108 7891 51.32
Kolagaon 73 2363 11653 11044 48.25
Kharana 70 1799 7402 6937 53.61
Chanhara 21 2539 6294 6595 56.36
Char Patharghata 27 1737 10679 8694 46.62
Char Lakshya 24 2584 11661 10208 46.44
Janglukhain 52 1611 5842 5603 66.26
Jiri 94 3409 21839 18565 55.55
Juldha 55 2819 8500 7566 37.85
Dakhin Bhushi 91 1307 4739 4570 61.06
Dhalghat 30 3157 9104 8608 70.01
Baralia 15 2394 7838 7919 65.09
Bara Uthan 18 4091 14232 13182 46.87
Bhatikhain 19 541 2730 2749 60.25
Sikalbaha 85 2295 14285 12485 43.34
Sobhandandi 88 2736 7759 7976 54.30
Haidgaon 42 9957 10768 9909 50.96
Habilas Dwip 39 2178 10723 9902 67.45

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Musa Khan Mosque (1658), Kura Katni Mosque at Harin Khain (1806), Kala Mosque at Kachuai (seventeenth century), Akbar Jami Mosque, Syed Kutub Tomb at Baralia, Bura Gosai's Mandir, Jagannath Temple at Suchakradandi, Annapurna Temple, Jonardan Mandir, Shiva Mandir, Buddhist Monastery at Haidgaon, Buddha Padochinha Temple at Unainpura.

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Historical events In the 1930s revolutionary Swadesh Roy was shot dead by the British army, and wounded Debu Prashad, Rajat Sen and Manaranjan committed suicide to avoid arrest in the hands of the British. On 16 February 1933, many revolutionaries including mastarda surya sen and kalpana datta hided out in the residence of Khiroda Prova Biswas. During this time Surja Sen and Brajendra Sen were arrested by the British army. During the war of liberation in 1971 nearly 25 Pak soldiers were killed in an encounter with the freedom fighters at Dhalghat. The freedom fighters under Capt. Karim raided the Dhalghat police outpost and forced the police personnel to surrender. The freedom fighters launched attacks on the razakar camps at Patiya Madrasa and at the camp near Khanmohona station in which two razakars were killed; they also killed another razakar at Goplal Para of Kelishahar. A number of civilians were killed and wounded as a result of bombing for a number of times from two Pak aircrafts. On 3 May, the Pak soldiers conducted indiscriminate killing at village Muzaffarabad; they also set many houses of this village on fire. Patiya was liberated on 14 December.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 1.

Religious institutions Mosque 476, temple 37, church 2, tomb 1, pagoda 1, buddhist vihara 21. Noted religious institutions: Musa Khan Mosque, Killapara Innar Mosque, Al Jamia Islamia Mosque, Tagore Puni Mandir, Rai Bhaban Mandir.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 59.81%; male 56.33%, female 47.16%. Educational institutions: college 3, teachers training institute 1, secondary school 49, madrasa 11. Noted educational institutions: Patiya Government Degree College (1962), Patiya Government College (1967), Hulain Saleh Noor College (1969), AJ Chowdhury College (1970), Dhalghat School and College (1918), Patiya Ideal High School (1845), Chakrashala Agricultural High School(1857), Abdur Rahman Government Girls' High School (1957), Abdus Sobhan Rahat Ali High School (1914), Muzaffarabad NJ High School (1929), Shashanko Mala Government Primary School (1935), Shah Chand Auliya Kamil Madrasa (1928), Al Jamiatul Islamia Kasemul Ulum (1937), Sikalbaha Ohidia Senior Madrasa (1890).

Newspapers and periodicals Defunct monthly: Ovaybani, Shankha, Dakkhin Chattola, Rechhalat.

Cultural organisations Library 2, club 350, theatre group 4, cinema hall 3, women organisation 2.

Tourist spots Kharana Tea Garden, East Haidgaon Forest.

Main sources of income Agriculture 25.25%, non-agricultural labourer 5.42%, industry 1.04%, commerce 18.98%, transport and communication 4.58%, service 1.52%, construction 0.67%, religious service 22.34%, rent and remittance 3.88% and others 16.32%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 44.02%, landless 55.98.

Main crops Paddy, potato, ginger, betel leaf, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Local varieties of Aus paddy, arahar, linseed, kalai.

Main fruits Jackfruit, guava, lemon, pineapple, water melon, papaya.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 15, dairy 75, poultry 862, nursery 125.

Communication facilities Pucca road 50 km, semi-pucca road 42 km, mud road 510 km; railway 16 km; waterway 16 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Power station, Burz Mounted Power Station, Dry-Dock and Fishing Boat Dockyard, steel mill, cement factory, textile mill, garments factory, poly-foam, plastic industries, ceiling fan industries, packing and board, food and spices, ice factory, match factory, salt refinery and crushing, rice mill, flour mill, KEPZ, BSCIC industry town, West Patiya Industrial Area.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, weaving, sewing, embroidery, bamboo and wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 45, fairs 20, most noted of which are Thana Hat, Safar Ali Munsi Hat, Munsef Bazar, Sri Mai Korachengi Mela, Acharia Mela, Surjabrato Mela, Rath Jatra Mela, Thegorpuni Mela and Mahira Khetropal Mela.

Main exports Salt, guava, lemon, jackfruit, potato, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 55.95% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources White clay with aluminium, special quality sand of Shreemai Canal, Patiya Reserve Forest.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 87.39%, tap 0.75%, pond 8.92% and others 2.94%.

Sanitation 44.16% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 46.52% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 9.32% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health centre 1, union family welfare centre 15, union health clinic 7, mother and child welfare centre 1, NGO sponsored health clinic 1, veterinary hospital 1.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, icddr,b, CARE, Uddipon. [SMAK Jahangir ]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Patiya Upazila 2007.