Akhaura Upazila

Akhaura Upazila (brahmanbaria district) area 98.04 sq km, located in between 23°47' and 23°54' north latitudes and in between 91°07' and 91°15' east longitudes. It is bounded by brahmanbaria sadar upazila on the north, kasba upazila on the south, Tripura State of India on the east and Brahmanbaria Sadar and Kasba upazilas on the west. Once upon a time Akhaura is included in the Tripura province of India. Recently Akhaura is an important railway junction of Bangladesh. Now this junction has a connection with chittagong, sylhet, dhaka and mymensingh.

Population Total 145215; male 70110, female 75105; Muslim 136787, Hindu 8423, Buddhist 3 and others 2.

Water bodies Haura and Titas rivers and Pipuli beel are notable; jalmahal 15.

Administration Akhaura Thana was formed on 20 June 1976 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983. Akhaura Paurasabha was formed in 1999.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 5 90 112 36262 108953 1481 61.8 49.7

(sq km)




(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

8.22 9 23 36262 4411 61.8
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Uttar Akhaura 19 2233 5747 6204 55.7
Dakshin Akhaura 90 1690 5130 5540 50.8
Dharkhar 57 8183 16288 17933 50.5
Maniand 76 5487 11734 12806 46.7
Mogra 85 4578 13356 14215 48.1

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Mazar of Hazrat Syed Ahmad Gechhudaraj, known as Kalla Shaheed (R) at Kharampur, Chhatura Sharif Bara Mosque, Mathkhola at Mogra, Kachhari (revenue office) of Maharaj.

War of Liberation During the war of liberation in 1971 Akhaura was under Sector 2. The important battle fields of the upazila were Akhaura, Devgram, Taragan, Check post road and Daruin. Bir Shrestha Sepahy mohammad mostafa kamal was killed on 18 April 1971 in a frontal encounter with the Pak army at village Daruin. The tomb of Bir Shrestha Sepahy Mostafa Kamal is located in this village. There are mass graves at two places (western bank of the Mogra Gangasagar Dighi and Senarbadi of Akhaura-Tripura border) of the upazila.

For details: see আখাউড়া উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ১।

Religious institutions Mosque 175, temple 7, eidgah 22.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 52.7%; male 53.0%, female 52.5%. Educational institutions: college 1, secondary school 15, primary school 45, community school 6, satellite school 6, madrasa 188. Noted educational institutions: Debgram Pilot High School (1905), Bangladesh Railway Government High School (1920), Shaheed Smriti College (1972).

Main sources of income Agriculture 44.23%, non-agricultural labourer 2.70%, industry 0.80%, commerce 19.17%, transport and communication 5.36%, service 10.16%, construction 1.32%, religious service 0.26%, rent and remittance 8.01% and others 7.99%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 51.02%, landless 48.98%; agricultural landowner: urban 34.02% and rural 56.87%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Oil seeds and varieties of pulse.

Main fruits Jackfruit, litchi, coconut, guava, mango, black berry, banana, plum, papaya.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries This upazilla has a number of fisheries, dairies and poultries.

Communication facilities Roads: pucca road 130 km, semi-pucca road 9 km, mud road 90 km; railway station 3.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport palanquin, boat.

Noted manufactories Saw mill, rice mill, oil mill, biscuit factory, fish-food production factory.

Cottage industries Blacksmith, potteries, bamboo and woodworks.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 32; most noted of which are Mogra, Akhaura bazars and Dharkhar and Kalibari's Vatamatha melas.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electricity net-work. However 78.3% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 95.0%, tap 2.7% and others 2.3%.

Sanitation 75.3% of dwelling households of the upazilla use sanitary latrines and 22.5% of dwelling houses use non-sanitary latrines; 2.2% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazilla health complex 1, satellite clinic 5, hospital 1, family welfare centre 3, clinic 4, diagnostic centre 4.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, proshika. [Mohammad Mofiz Udin]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Akhaura Upazila 2007.