Mymensingh District

Mymensingh District (Mymensingh Division) area 4080.18 sq km, located in between 24°15' and 25°12' north latitudes and in between 90°04' and 90°49' east longitudes. It is bounded by Garo Hills and Meghalaya state of India on the north, gazipur district on the south, netrokona and kishoreganj districts on the east, sherpur, jamalpur and tangail districts on the west.

Population Total 4812052; male 2391382, female 2420670; Muslim 4610504, Hindu 170330, Buddhist 108, Christian 27943 and others 3167. Indigenous communities such as garo, Koch, Dalu, Barman and hajong belong to this district.

Water bodies Main rivers: old brahmaputra, Bhogai, Bajua, kangsa.

Administration Mymensingh district was formed in 1787. The previous name of the Mymenshing Town was Nasirabad. Of the 17 districts of Dhaka Division, Mymenshingh District is the biggest.

Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
4080.18 12 10 136 1973 2501 798127 4013925 1029 43.5
Others Information of District

Name of Upazila

(sq km)






(per sq km)

Literacy rate

Ishwarganj 280.43 1 11 284 294 376348 1342 41.0
Gaffargaon 398.30 1 15 199 214 430746 1081 49.3
Gauripur 276.74 1 10 240 289 323057 1167 43.6
Trishal 338.45 1 12 89 158 419308 1239 40.0
Dhobaura 252.23 - 7 99 164 196284 778 29.4
Nandail 326.37 1 12 162 265 402727 1234 40.4
Phulpur 311.88 1 10 194 220 303546 973 38.2
Fulbaria 398.70 1 13 104 116 448467 1125 42.3
Bhaluka 444.05 1 11 87 110 430320 969 49.1
Mymensingh Sadar 380.72 1 13 118 175 775733 2037 51.7
Muktagachha 314.70 1 10 252 282 415473 1320 43.5
Haluaghat 357.61 - 12 145 214 290043 811 38.9

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Historical events various areas of the Mymensingh district are known for active involvement of the local people in anti-British movement, the Pagalpanthi movement, the fakir Revolt, Tonk movement, Tebhaga movement, peasants’ movement, the language movement and the mass movement of 1969.

War of Liberation The crackdown by the Pak army at Dhaka took place at the night of 25 March 1971 but Pakistani soldiers entered Mymensingh city after 23 April. Meanwhile Mymensingh pepole took preparations for resistance and established a training camp for the freedom fighters at Kandania-Langal Shimul Bazar of Bhabanipur union under Fulbaria upazila. On 27 March an encounter was held between the Bangali and non-Bangali members of the Khagdahar EPR Camp of Mymensingh Sadar upazila. On 17 April Machine Gun firing from two Pak fighter planes on Gaffargaon upazila caused death of 17 innocent persons while more than one hundred persons were wounded. On 21 April the Pak army brutally killed 18 villagers of Rajgati, Shuvakhila and Kaliganj of Nandail upazila and also set a few hundred houses of these areas on fire. The Pak army took control over Mymensingh Town after 23 April. The same day, the freedom fighters resisted the Pak army at Jalchhatra on their way to Muktagachha. During the war of liberation the freedom fighters, under Commander Refazuddin, launched attacks on the Pak army at Bat Tali, Bhiti Bari and Muktagachha Police Station. A battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Katakhali Bazar of Trishal upazila on 7 June in which about 50 Pak soldiers were killed. On 19 July 1971 a day long encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at village Jigatala of Dhobaura upazila in which 11 persons including two freedom fighters were killed. A direct encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army on 6 August 1971 at the Bandarkata Camp of Haluaghat upazila in which freedom fighters Abdul Aziz and Parimal were killed. In the month of August an encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Porabari Bazar in Mathbari union under Trishal upazila in which two freedom fighters were killed. Freedom fighter Abdur Rahman was killed in an encounter with the Pak army at Bhangnamari Char of this upazila. On the mid night of 3 October 1971, the Pakistan army suddenly attacked the Muktibahini camp at Guatala Bazar of Dhobaura upazila and killed four freedom fighters. Next day the Pakistan army conducted mass killing at Guatala Bazar and Taraikandi Ferry Ghat in which about 120 persons were killed. On 16 October, 6 freedom fighters were killed in an encounter with the Pak army in Ishwarganj upazila. On 3 November the freedom fighters of Haluaghat launched simultaneous attacks on the strong Pak army base at Telikhali from three sides, Karaitala, Baghaitala and Ramchandrakura; in this battle 121 Pak soldiers were killed and so were 26 freedom fighters. On 17 November an encounter between the Pak army and the freedom fighters were held in Nandail upazila in which a number of people including freedom fighters Elias Uddin Bhuiya and Shamsul Haque were killed. This day is being observed as the ‘Nandail Shaheed Day’ every year. During the War of Liberation Afsar Uddin Ahmed, Sub Sector Commander of Sector 11, locally trained freedom fighters, collected arms and ammunitions and challenged the Pak army. A fierce battle was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Lakshipur under Fulbaria upazila in which about 70 persons on both sides were killed. In 1971 the people of village Digharkanda resisted the Pak army with indigenous weapons such as Sarki, Ballam, Da and Lathi, when the Pak army raided the village at night; in this encounter a Pak Major was killed. In retaliation, the Pak army launched an attack on the village on the day following in which a number of villagers were killed. The Pak army abducted 9 persons including Satyendranath Datta, Head Master of Payari High School of Phulpur upazila and took them to Sarchapur mass killing site. However, Satyendranath Datta could escape immediately before firing by diving into water. Besides, a frontal battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at village Ramsona under Sandhara union of this upazila in which 33 freedom fighters were killed. Eleven freedom fighters were killed in an encounter with the Pak army at Rayer Gram of Trishal upazila. Besides, during the War of Liberation the Pak army established military camps in different places of the district and conducted mass killing, torture and plundering; they also set many houses of the district on fire. There are 7 mass killing sites at Dakbungalowr Char of Mymensingh Sadar, Chawkbazar, Jelkhanar Char, river bank of Shambhuganj, Boror Char, Bangladesh Agricultural University compound and Rasulpur of Muktagachha.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 43.5%; male 44.9%, female 42.2%. Educational institutions: university 2, medical college 3, college 63, cadet college 1, teachers training college 4, vocational training institute 2, polytechnic institute 1, secondary school 506, primary school 2043, art school 1, community school 6, satellite school 24, NGO operated school 1065, nursery school 59, deaf and dump school 1, music school 3, madrasa 1212. Noted educational institutions: bangladesh agricultural university (1960), Ananda Mohan Government College (1908), Mymensingh Medical College (1968), Mymensingh Girls' Cadet College (1964), Muminunnesa Government Girls' College (1959), Mukul Niketan High School (1959), Vidyamoyee Government Girls' High School (1873), Phulpur Pilot High School (1882), Ramgopalpur PJK High School (1890), Muktagachha Ram Kishore High School (1894), Kandipara Askar Ali High School (1906), Mahakali Girls' School and College (1907), Birai Taltala Girls' High School (1902), Edward Institution (1903), Radha Sundari Girls' High School (1927), Bangladesh Railway Government High School (1925), Saint Mary's Girls' Junior High School (1929), Mymensingh Zila School (1853), City Collegiate School (1883), Mrityunjoy School (1901), Nasirabad Collegiate School (1911), Nazrul Academy (1913), Katlasen Kaderia Kamil Madrasa (1890), Chargoadanga Senior Fazil Madrasa (1915), Pachbag Islamia Fazil Madrasa (1921), Sherpur Islamia Fazil Madrasa (1927).

Main sources of income Agriculture 64.14%, non-agricultural labourer 3.65%, industry 0.82%, commerce 11.40%, transport and communication 3.53%, service 6.21%, construction 1.33%, religious service 0.21%, rent and remittance 0.46% and others 8.25%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Jahan, Banglar Jamin, Insaf, Ajker Smriti, Shipa, Swadesh Sangbad; weekly: Mymensingh Barta, Ajker Muktagachha; defunct: Kumar, Bigyapani (1866), Bangalee (1874), Surid (1875), Pramadi (1875), Bharat Mihir (1875), Sanjibani (1878), Basana (1899), Abriti (1901), Swadesh Sampad (1905), Shikkha Saurav (1912), Hafez Shakti (1924), Ganavijan (1938), weeekly Charumihir (1939), Uttar Akash (1959), Aunirban (1963), Jagrata Bangla (1971).

Folk culture Notable folk culture of the district include maimansingha gitika, rhymes, Boul song, Palageet, proverbs of the Garo community, sloka (hiluk) of the Hajong community, riddle (thachi-katha),

Important installations Museum, Mymensingh Town Hall, bangladesh institute of nuclear agriculture and bangladesh fisheries research institute (mymensingh sadar Upazila). [Samar Pal]

See also The upazilas under this district.

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Mymensingh District 2007; Cultural survey report of upazilas of Mymensingh District 2007.