Belkuchi Upazila

Belkuchi Upazila (sirajganj district) area 158.87 sq km, located in between 24°13' and 24°22' north latitudes and in between 89°37' and 89°47' east longitudes. It is bounded by sirajganj sadar upazila on the north, shahjadpur and chauhali upazilas on the south, kalihati and tangail sadar upazilas on the east, kamarkhanda and ullahpara upazilas on the west.

Population Total 352835; male 179738, female 173097; Muslim 333735, Hindu 18949, Buddhist 8, Christian 50 and others 93.

Water bodies Main rivers: jamuna and hurasagar; Chandi beel is notable.

Administration Belkuchi Thana was formed in 1921 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 6 100 131 75364 277471 2221 49.6 44.5
(sq km)
Ward Mahalla Population Density
(per sq km)
Literacy rate (%)
19 9 14 75364 3967 49.6
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Daulatpur 54 5149 45259 42977 45.2
Dhukaria Bera 67 7472 29370 28669 43.4
Baradhul 13 7269 9730 9666 36.2
Belkuchi 27 3095 5040 5049 28.8
Bhangabari 40 5877 26822 26558 52.3
Rajapur 81 6178 24343 23988 42.3

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

War of Liberation On 7 December 1971 a battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army on WAPDA dam of Rajapur union in which the Pak army was defeated and one freedom fighter was killed. Another battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at the north side of the graveyard of Tamai Paschimpara of Bhangabari union in which three Pakistani soldiers and two freedom fighters were killed.

For details: see বেলকুচি উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ৭।

Religious institutions Mosque 441, temple 72, church 1. Noted religious institutions: Ajgara Marcaques Jami Mosque, Sohagpur Kalibari Temple.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 45.7%; male 48.2%, female 43.1%. Educational institutions: college 5, secondary school 23, primary school 137, KG school 26, community school 3, madrasa 18. Noted educational institutions: Belkuchi Degree College (1970), Belkuchi Mahila College (1998), Daulatpur Degree College (1999), Baniagati Science and Technical College (2001), Shyam Kishore Pilot High School (1913), Satinath Academy, Sohagpur SK Pilot High School, Sohagpur Pilot Girls' High School (1967), Daulatpur High School (1918), Saidabad High School (1965), Megillah Senior Madrasa (1955).

Cultural organisations Library 2, club 42, cinema hall 6, play ground 13, women's organisation 145.

Main sources of income Agriculture 22.22%, non-agricultural labourer 5.36%, commerce 19.44%, transport and communication 1.92%, industry 24.38%, service 4.82%, construction 1.07%, religious service 0.26%, rent and remittance 1.15% and others 9.38%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 41.92%, landless 58.08%; agricultural landowner: urban 24.55% and rural 43.08%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, jute, mustard seed, potato, pulses, ground nut, burley, kaun, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, litchi, papaya, banana, guava.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 31, dairy 7, poultry 193.

Communication facilities Pucca road 68 km, semi-pucca road 1 km, mud road 277 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart, horse carriage.

Cottage industries Weaving 5032, bamboo work 12, cane work 10, wood work 226.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 37, fairs 3, most noted of which are Sohagpur Hat, Mukandagati Hat, Kandapara Hat and Boat Racing Mela (Sohagpur).

Main exports Paddy, jute, mustard seed, weaving cloths.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under electricity net-work. However 55.7% dwellings have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 96.9%, tap 0.5% and others 2.6%. The presence of intolerable level of arsenic has been detected in the tube well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 60.7% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 34.7% of dwelling houses use non-sanitary latrines; 4.6% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 6, satellite clinic 3, clinic 3.

Natural Disasters The floods of 1988 and 1998 and the tornado of 1998 caused heavy damages to settlements, livestock, crops and other properties of the upazila.

NGO activities brac, asa, thengamara mahila sabuj sangha. [Md Rafiqul Islam]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Belkuchi Upazila 2007.