Bishwambarpur Upazila

Bishwambarpur Upazila (sunamganj district) area 248.63 sq km, located in between 25°01' and 25°11' north latitudes and in between 91°12' and 91°24' east longitudes. It is bounded by Meghalaya State of India on the north, sunamganj sadar and jamalganj upazilas on the south, Sunamganj Sadar upazila on the east, tahirpur and Jamalganj upazilas on the west.

Population Total 156381; male 78175, female 78206; Muslim 138597, Hindu 17678, Christian 58, Buddhist 1 and others 47. Indigenous communities such as hajong, garo, manipuri belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers are Dhamalia, Jadukata; Kacharia Baor, Zamirtala Beel, Angruli Beel and Kanu Beel are notable.

Administration Bishwambarpur Thana was formed in 1979 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
- 5 61 184 3156 153225 629 52.9 34.2
Upazila Town

Area (sq km)



Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

10.73 1 3156 294 52.9
Name of Union and GO Code Area (sq km) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Dakshin Badaghat 17 9586 12435 12565 29.5
Dhonpur 20 14372 18408 18968 39.6
Palash 77 11014 14407 14486 40.9
Fatehpur 34 10793 13877 13860 33.5
Sholukabad 80 15675 19048 18327 28.4

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

War of Liberation Freedom fighters had encounters with the Pak army at Gourarong, Chinaura, Baiserpar, Urarkhanda, Bhatertek and some other places of the upazila. A memorial monument has been built in memory of the martyred freedom fighters of the upazila.

For details: see Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation, Bangla Version, Vol. 5), Bishwambarpur upazila.

Religious institutions Mosque 203, temple 61, church 1, tomb 2. Noted religious institutions: Palash Jami Mosque.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 34.6%; male 35.4% female 33.7%. Noted educational institutions: Digendravarman College (1992), Satgaon High School (1923), Fatehpur Murari' Chand High School (1937), Palash High School (1962), Bishwambarpur High School (1972), Katakhali Public High School, Sahapur Govt. Primary School (1905), Bishwambarpur Ideal Govt. Primary School (1928).

Main sources of income Agriculture 72.11%, non-agricultural labourer 6.23%, industry 0.31%, commerce 8.32%, transport and communication 0.93%, service 2.15%, construction 0.37%, religious service 0.28%, rent and remittance 0.30% and others 9%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 52.46%, landless 47.54%; agricultural landowner: urban 57.52% and rural 52.34%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Jute, kaun, tobacco.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, papaya, lemon.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries This upazila has a number of fisheries, dairies and poultries.

Communication facilities Pucca road 49 km, semi-pucca road 48km, mud road 170 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, Bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 23, fairs 2. Bishwambarpur Bazar, Chinakandi Bazar, Dhonpur Bazar, Bagber Bazar, Sharupganj Bazar, Katakhali Bazar and Badamghat Bazar are notable.

Main exports Rich, fish, limestone.

Access to electricity All the unions of this upazila are under rural electrification net-work; However, 21.0% dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources Fish, sand and limestone.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 85.0%, tap 0.1% and others 14.9%.

Sanitation 22.4% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 62.6% of dwelling houses use non-sanitary latrines; 15.0% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health centre 1, family planning centre 3.

Natural disasters The earth quake of 1897 and the tsunami of 2004 caused huge loss of life and damage to settlements, crops, livestock and other properties of the upazila.

NGO activities brac. [Jayanta Singh Roy]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Bishwambarpur Upazila 2007.