Bose, Satyendra Nath

Satyendra Nath Bose

Bose, Satyendra Nath (1894-1974) physicist, specially known for his theory of quantum statistics, pioneer of practicing science in Bangla. Satyendra Nath Bose was born in calcutta (now spelled as Kolkata) on 1st January 1894. He passed the Entrance examination securing fifth position from the Calcutta Hindu School in 1909 and passed the ISc in 1911 from the Presidency College, Calcutta securing the first position. Satyendra Nath obtained the BSc degree in Mathematics from the Presidency College in 1913 and MSc degree in Mixed Mathematics in 1915 from the same college.

After completing the MSc degree, Bose paid his full attention to research on Mixed Mathematics and Physics under the fellowship with meghnad saha at Calcutta Science College. Bose joined the newly established Dhaka University in 1921 as a Reader of the Department of Physics and later became the Head of the department. While working at Dhaka University, SN Bose worked hard in establishing the department and sincerely performed research work for twenty years at a stretch. His research on Theoretical Physics and X-ray Crystallography made him celebrity worldwide. In 1924, Bose published his celebrated article entitled ‘Planks Law and the Light Quantum Hypothesis’.

The great physicist Albert Einstein appraised the article and translated it into German language. He also made proper arrangements to focus the hypothesis to the scientists through publishing it in science journals. The hypothesis received a great attention and was highly appreciated by the scientists. It became famous to the scientists as 'Bose-Einstein Theory'. One kind of particle in atom has been named after his name as 'Boson'. Bose placed his name in the history of science by solving some of the complex mathematical equations of the theory of relativity.

In 1929 Satyendra Nath Bose was elected chairman of the Physics of the Indian Science Congress and in 1944 elected full chairman of the Congress. He became professor of Physics of the university of calcutta in 1945. He also served as Khoyra Professor and Dean of the Post-graduate Science Faculty. He was appointed Professor Emeritus of the university in 1958. In 1956 Professor Bose was made vice-chancellor of Visva-Bharati University and served there till 1958. The Government of India appointed him National Professor in 1959.

Professor SN Bose was a fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1958. He was nominated a member of the Rajjashabha (Parliament) of the west bengal (India) in 1952. Satyendra Nath Bose played a pioneering role in exercising science in Bangla language. With a view to upholding this object Professor Bose established 'Vangiya Bijnan Parisad' in Kolkata and published its organ entitled 'Jnan O Bijnan'. He was awarded 'Deshikottom' by Visva-Bharati University and 'Padmabhusan' by the Indian Government in appreciation of his outstanding achievements. He died in Kolkata on 4th February 1974. [Md Mahbub Murshed]