Chuadanga District

Chuadanga District (khulna division) area 1174.10 sq km, located in between 23°22' and 23°50' north latitudes and in between 88°39' and 89°00' east longitudes. It is bounded by kushtia and meherpur districts on the north, jhenaidah district on the south and east, Meherpur district and west bengal state of India on the west.

Population Total 1129015; male 564819, female 564196; Muslim 1100330, Hindu 26514, Buddhist 22, Christian 1593 and others 556.

Water bodies Main rivers: Mathabhanga, bhairab, chitra, nabaganga, kumar; noted beels are: Vandardaha, Ujalpur, Maheshwari, Nehalpur, Jajari, Nurullahpur, Begumpur and Chandpur baors are also notable.

Administration Chuadanga sub-division was a part of Nadia district before the Partition of India. In 1947, excepting Krishganj thana, the whole territory of Chuadanga sub-division was included in Kushtia district. It was turned into a district in 1984.

Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
1174.10 4 4 32 348 521 306157 822858 962 45.9
Others Information of District
Name of upazila Area (sq km) Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Alamdanga 364.66 1 14 123 204 345922 949 45.7
Chuadanga Sadar 298.27 1 7 89 127 313935 1052 47.6
Jiban Nagar 199.24 1 4 62 83 179581 901 46.1
Damurhuda 311.91 1 7 74 107 289577 928 44.2

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Gholdari Jami Mosque (Alamdanga), Chuadanga Bara Mosque, three domed Dhopakhali Mosque, Thakurpur Mosque (1698), Mazars and mosque of four pirs' at Shibnagar, Mazar of Paresh Shah, Jamjami Mosque, Tiyorbeela Mosque, Sonatanpur Temple, Jagannathpur Temple, Gholdari Neelkuthi, Karpasdanga Neelkuthi.

Historical events People of Chuadanga took part in many uprisings and democratic movements since the beginning of the British rule in Bengal. They had significant contribution to uprisings and movements including the wahabi movement (1831), faraizi movement (1838-47), sepoy revolt (1857), Indigo Rebellion (1859-60), swadeshi movement (1906), khilafat movement (1920), non cooperation, Violation of Law and Satyagraha Movements (1920-40), Quit India Movement or August Revolt (1942), peasant movements and Freedom Movement.

War of Liberation People of Chuadanga formed early resistance against the Pak army at the beginning of the war of liberation in 1971. During the War of Liberation more than one hundred direct encounters were held between the Pak army and the freedom fighters in Chuadanga district. In 1971 a number of rajakars and Pak soilders were killed or wounded in encounters with the freedom fighters at Baliapur and Benagari villages. 10 Pak soldiers were killed at Shialmari in between Jiban Nagar and Darshana by mine explosion planted by the freedom fighters. Besides, 5 freedom fighters were killed and 2 were wounded in an encounter with the Pak army on the Dhopakhali border. The Pak army brutally killed many people and set many houses on fire of at village Madna of Damurhuda upazila. During the War of Liberation in 1971 the present Chauadanga Sadar Hospital was the headquarters of the Pak army. The Pak army brutally killed about 300 innocent persons at the backyard of the Hospital (present Shantipara). Besides, the Pak army destroyed part of a bridge on the river Mathabangha while they retreated from Chuadanga. There is a mass killing site at a place behind the Chuadanga Sadar Hospital and three mass graves (at a place behind the Natudaha High School, at village Dhopakhali near the Jiban Nagar border and on the bank of G.K Canal near Alamdanga Railway Station); three memorial monuments had been built in the district.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 45.9%; male 46.9%, female 44.9%. Educational institutions: college 12, vocational training college 1, nursing institute 1, secondary school 117, primary school 259. Noted educational institutions: Chuadanga Government College (1962), Darshana Government College (1969), Chuadanga Municipal College (1983), Chuadanga Ideal Girls' College (1983), Jiban Nagar College (1984), VJ (Victoria Jubilee) Government High School (1880), Natudaha Secondary School (1906), Damurhuda Pilot High School (1913), Alamdanga Multilateral Pilot Secondary School (1914), Memnagar BD Secondary School (1916), Kuralgachhi Secondary School (1923), Hatboalia High School (1925), Kalabari-Ramnagar Secondary School (1926), Munsiganj Academy (1935), Karpasdanga Secondary School (1940), Osmanpur Pragpur Madrasa (1949), Kunia-Chandpur Madrasa (1958), Badarganj Alia Madrasa (1964).

Main sources of income Agriculture 65.14%, non-agricultural labourer 2.99%, industry 1.40%, commerce 14.24%, transport and communication 3.46%, service 5.57%, construction 1.28%, religious service 0.15%, rent and remittance 0.39% and others 5.38%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Mathabhanga, Pratham Rajdhani; weekly: Chuadanga Darpan, Chuadanga Samachar, Din Badaler Kagaj.

Folk culture Murshidi, Marfati, Baul songs, Jatra, Bhab song, Bhasan song, Kavigan, songs of Manik Pir, peasants' song, Gazir Geet, etc are notable. [Rajib Ahmed]

See also The upazilas under this district.

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Chuadanga District 2007; Cultural survey report of Upazilas of Chuadanga District 2007.