Kushtia District

Kushtia District (khulna division) area 1608.80 sq km, located in between 23°42' and 24°12' north latitudes and in between 88°42' and 89°22' east longitudes. It is bounded by rajshahi, natore and pabna districts on the north, chuadanga and jhenaidah districts on the south, rajbari district on the east, west bengal of India and meherpur district on the west.

Population Total 1946838; male 973518, female 973320; Muslim 1888744, Hindu 56792, Buddhist 71, Christian 225 and others 1006.

Water bodies Main rivers: padma, Garai, Mathabhanga, kumar.

Administration Once Kushtia region was included in the Nadia District of the undivided Bengal. In 1947, Kushtia District was formed comprising Kushtia Sadar, Chuadanga and Meherpur Sub Divisions. Later on all these Sub Divisions were turned into separate districts. Of the six upazilas of the district daulatpur is the largest (468.76 sq km, it occupies 28.92% of the total area of the district) and khoksa is the smallest (106.70 sq km).

Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
1608.80 6 5 66 689 973 235526 1711312 1210 46.3
Others Information of District

Name of Upazila

(sq km)






(per sq km)

Literacy rate

kumarkhali 258.18 1 11 184 197 328457 1272 45.3
kushtia sadar 318.22 1 14 114 167 502255 1578 53.9
khoksa 104.85 1 9 83 102 129555 1236 44.7
daulatpur 468.76 - 14 153 241 456372 974 41.3
bheramara 153.71 1 6 42 77 200084 1302 48.7
mirpur 305.06 1 12 112 189 330115 1082 41.9

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

War of Liberation A group of 147 Pak soldiers faced heavy resistance from the local EPR Police, Ansar, students and general public on their entry to Kushtia on 25 March 1971. An encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Bangshitala of the Kushtia Sadar on 5 September in which a number of freedom fighters were killed. The Pak army made a surprise attack on a house of Mill Para of the Upazila and killed about 12 persons of a single family. On 6 August, 5 freedom fighters were killed while they raided a house of the local Rajakar. A number of Pak soldiers were killed in a battle with the freedom fighters on 13 November in Daulatpur upazila. Mass graves had been discovered at 13 places of the district and 2 memorial monuments and a memorial sculpture of the War of Liberation ('Muktabangla' at the islamic university) have been built.10 roads of the district have been named after the martyred freedom fighters.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 46.3%; male 47.9%, female 44.8%. Noted educational institutions: Islamic University (1979), Kushtia Government University College (1947), Kushtia Government Mahila College (1967), Kushtia Islamia College (1968), Kumarkhali Degree College (1970), Khoksa Degree College (1972),' Panti Degree College (1978), Kumarkhali MN Pilot High School (1856), Goswami Durgapur High School (1860), Juniadaha Secondary School (1872), Khoksa Janipur Pilot High School (1900), Jaduboyra High School (1902), Kushtia High School (1910), Mirpur Pilot High School (1913), Dinamoni Secondary School (1930), Mathurapur High School (1948), Panti High School (1957), Kushtia High School and Kushtia Zila School (1960), Daulatpur Pilot Secondary School (1963), Kumarkhali Girls' School (1963), Maricha Secondary School (1973), Daulatpur Pilot Secondary Girls' School (1979), Bheramara Model Primary School (1869), Pragpur Government Primary School (1905), Mission Primary School (1989).

Main sources of income Agriculture 51.71%, non-agricultural labourer 5.58%, industry 3.99%, commerce 17.61%, transport and communication 4.03%, service 7.32%, construction 1.54%, religious service 0.15%, rent and remittance 0.40% and others 7.67%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Ajker Alo, Bangladesh Barta, Bajrapat, Shikal, Sutrapat, Kushtia Darpan, Srijanshil, Prottashar Protibimba, Deshbhumi, Deshtathya, Haowa, Shikal Niharika, Deshbrati; weekly: Droho, Kushtiar Kantha, Simanta Katha; fortnightly: Hitokori; monthly: Kakoli, Arunoday, Daulatpur Barta, Shoaibi; bi-monthly: Ovijan; Periodical: Prodip, Chader Hasi Bad Vengese, Hishna, Palashi, Parabar, Protiddhoni; defunct periodical: Jagaran (1921), Grambarta (1857), Dipika (1933), Shaibi (1895), Azad (1932), Tili Samaj, Pratyaya, Srijanshil, Prottashar Protibimba, Kohinoor, Jogajog, Ispat, Abarudha Kantha.

Folk culture The most notable folk culture of the district include Bau gan, Murshidi gan, Jarigan, Gazi gan, Marfati, Punthi-path (recitation from the puthi), puppet show, etc.

Tourists spots' hardinge bridge (1912), Bheramara Thermal Power Station, Shaheed President Ziaur Rahman Shishu Park (Kushtia Sadar), Kuthibari of rabindranath tagore, tomb of Baul Lalon Shah, homestead of novelist mir mosharraf hossain (Kumarkhali). [SM Rakib Nehal]

See also The upazilas under this district.

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Kushtia District 2007; Cultural survey report of Upazilas of Kushtia District 2007.