Dhunat Upazila

Dhunat Upazila (bogra district) area 247.73 sq km, located in between 24°32' and 24°48' north latitudes and in between 89°28' and 89°40' east longitudes. It is bounded by gabtali and sariakandi upazilas on the north, raiganj upazila on the south, kazipur and sirajganj sadar upazilas on the east, shajahanpur and sherpur upazilas on the west.

Population Total 292404; male 143091, female 149313; Muslim 279796, Hindu 12515, Buddhist 1, Christian 8 and others 84.

Water bodies Main rivers: jamuna, bangali and ichamati.

Administration Dhunat Thana was formed in 1962 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 10 90 207 22673 269731 1180 38.8 (2001) 34.9
(sq km)
Ward Mahalla Population Density
(per sq km)
Literacy rate (%)
- 9 16 14206 - 52.1
Upazila Town

(sq km)



(per sq km)

Literacy rate

10.87 (2001) 1 8467 1661 (2001) 32.6
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Elangi 47 5095 10771 10893 36.8
Kalerpara 76 5628 13180 13983 33.1
Gopalnagar 57 6124 14459 15251 33.5
Gosainbari 66 5191 14996 15987 34.0
Chikashi 28 6343 13552 14259 33.9
Chaukibari 19 7293 14787 15308 30.9
Dhunat 38 5444 13782 14033 38.0
Nimgachhi 95 6438 15183 15913 36.2
Bhandarbari 15 5671 8376 9597 34.4
Mathurapur 85 6792 16921 16967 37.1

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Durgabhaban at Elangi Bandar, Neelkuthi, Joarkhali Madrasa, house of Badsha Sekander at village Berer Bari.

War of Liberation The Pak army attacked the Dhunat Police Station on 19 April 1971 in which a police constable was shot dead. The Pak army killed 33 innocent persons at Elangi Bandar (river port) on 26 April; besides, heavy damages were done to the properties of the Bandar. On 27 April the Pak army attacked the Police Station again and killed 5 sepoys. They killed three persons of Kalerpara union on 4 May 1971. A direct encounter between the freedom fighters and the Pak army was held on 6 December in which 3 Pakistani soldiers and 2 razakars were killed. On 7 September the Pak army killed 17 innocent persons and buried them in a mass grave near the Police Station. Dhunat upazila was liberated on 11 December. There is a mass grave at Dhunat and martyrs memorial monument has been built in the upazila.

For details: see ধুনট উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ৫।

Religious institutions Mosque 305, temple 15, sacred place 3.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 35.6%; male 38.3%, female 33.1%. Noted educational institutions: Dhunat Degree College (1972), Dhunat Mahila College (1996), Gosainbari A.A High School (1918), Dhunat Pilot High School (1941), Dhunat Pilot Girls' High School (1977), Jorkhali Senior Madrasa (1911).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Natunbarta; Literary Periodical: Pidim.

Cultural organisations Library 3, club 48, cinema hall 3, playground 10.

Main sources of income Agriculture 72.20%, non-agricultural labourer 2.55%, industry 0.87%, commerce 9.52%, transport and communication 2.10%, service 3.56%, construction 0.86%, religious service 0.12%, rent and remittance 0.79% and others 7.43%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, jute, mustard, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Aush paddy, kaun, china, tobacco, arhar, khesari, gram, linseed, shan pat.

Main fruits Mango, litchi, black berry, banana.

Communication facilities Pucca road 93.25 km, semi-pucca road 10 km, mud road 477.63.15 km; waterway 16 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Ice factory, rice mill, flour mill, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, weaving, potteries, embroidery, bamboo and wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 33, fairs 23, most noted of which are Dhunat, Mathurapur, Gosainbari, Ajoypur and Elangi bazars; Sonahata Hat and Chaitali, Baishakhi, Khatiamari, Dhunat Baishakhi, Charak and Belkuchi melas.

Main exports Paddy, jute, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 26.9% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 97.0%, tap 0.2% and others 2.8%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 66.3% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 25.1% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 8.6% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health centre 1, union health and family welfare centre 10, family planning centre 4, clinic 28.

Natural disasters In a cyclone on 22 March 1962, about 28 persons were killed and more than 200 persons were wounded. The floods of 1984, 1988 and 2001 caused heavy damages to settlements and crops of the upazila. The cyclone of 21 May 2003 caused damages to 8 villages of the upazila and wounded more than 150 persons.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are' brac, proshika, asa, thengamara mahila sabuj sangha, DIPP. [Md Sirajul Islam]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Dhunat Upazila 2007.