Kurigram Sadar Upazila

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Kurigram Sadar Upazila (kurigram district) area 276.43 sq km, located in between 25°45' and 25°55' north latitudes and in between 89°34' and 89°50' east longitudes. It is bounded by phulbari (kurigram) and nageshwari upazilas on the north, ulipur upazila on the south, assam state of India on the east, rajarhat upazila on the west.

Population Total 312408; male 154500, female 157908; Muslim 289733, Hindu 22479, Buddhist 36, Christian 54 and others 106.

Water bodies Main rivers: brahmaputra and dharla; Nagdaha Beel is notable.

Administration Kurigram Sadar Thana, now an upazila, was established in 1874.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 8 76 266 80810 231598 1130 64.11 (2001) 39.8

Area (sq km)




Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate

27.32 (2001) 9 106 77252 2523 (2001) 63.2
Upazila Town

Area (sq km)



Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

0.95 (2001) 1 3558 2665 (2001) 72.4
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Kanthalbari 57 5830 15424 15135 50.3
Ghogadaha 28 6153 13920 14628 37.9
Punchgachhi 85 6120 13570 14886 34.8
Belgachha 17 4209 12905 13091 57.1
Bhogdanga 19 8432 22916 24280 37.7
Mogalbachha 76 4030 9850 11145 45.7
Jatrapur 47 17562 10323 10671 27.0
Holokhana 38 8894 16239 16173 31.8

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Kalibari, two cannons of Panga Kingdom (preserved at the BDR Gate), Kalir Pot (Daserhat), the former residence of sub-divisional officer.

Historical events Many historical events like tebhaga movement, indigo resistance movement, Fakir-Sannyasi movement and war of liberation occurred in Kurigram Sadar upazila. The Kurigram Town was affected by Dharla river erosion several times. The 'red water' erosion of 1954 is a memorable event.

War of Liberation Members of the Ansar, EPR and Police, as well as local students and common people formed combined militia type of forces to resist and fight against the Pak army on the Teesta Bridge. The freedom fighters of the upazila carried out operations at Tograihat, Purbasha cinema hall of Kurigram town, the Halabot Railway Station, and Panchgacchi. There are mass grave at 5 places of the upazila (Kanthalbari, Jail gate, place on the south of the residence of Mohi Bepari, in front of the bungalow of SP, near the residence of physician Safar). A martyr memorial plank and at victory memorial monument were built in the upazila (at Ghoshpara and at the at the college turning point of the town road respectively).

For details: see কুড়িগ্রাম সদর উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ২।

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 46.1%; male 50.3%, female 42.1%. Noted educational institutions: Kurigram Government College (1961), Kurigram Government Mahila College (1973), Kurigram Vocational School and College (1965), Kurigram Government High School (1895), Kurigram River View High School (1915), Kurigram Girls' High School (1928), Khalilganj High School (1961), Khalilganj Government Primary School (1885), Kurigram Alia Madrasa (1967).

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Chaoa Paoa, Jago Bahe, Kurigram Khabor, Banglar Manush; Weekly: Ganakatha, Baher Desh, Kalam Jamin.

Cultural organisations Library 5, club 42, women society 4, cinema hall 3, debating society 1, Shilpakala Academy 1, cultural organisation 8.

Amusement centres Dharla Bridge and embankment.

Main sources of income Agriculture 53.32%, non-agricultural labourer 10.12%, industry 0.57%, commerce 13.01%, transport and communication 3.15%, service 8.97%, construction 1.17%, religious service 0.21%, rent and remittance 0.24% and others 9.24%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 47.97%, landless 52.03%; agricultural landowner: urban 31.45% and rural 53.77%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, maize, potato, wheat, mustard, bamboo.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops China, aus paddy.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, blackberry, papaya, litchi, betel nut, kamranga.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Dairy 30, hatchery 2.

Communication facilities Pucca road 39 km, semi-pucca road 19 km, mud road 295 km, railway 12 km, waterway 35 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart and buffalo cart.

Noted manufactories Spinning mill.

Cottage industries Jute mill, potteries, nakshi kantha, nakshi pakha, bamboo work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 24, fairs 7, most noted of which are Kanthalbari Hat and Jatrapur Bazar.

Main exports Paddy, jute, potato, bamboo.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 33.2% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 93.7%, tap 3.8% % and others 2.5%.

Sanitation 38.3% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 47.7% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 14.0% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Hospital 1, upazila health complex 1, clinic 4.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are asa, CARE, brac, Save The Children. [Md Kamal Hossain]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Kurigram Sadar Upazila 2007.