Ulipur Upazila

Ulipur Upazila (kurigram district) area 458.48 sq km, located in between 25°33' and 25°49' north latitudes and in between 89°29' and 89°51' east longitudes. It is bounded by kurigram sadar and rajarhat upazilas on the north, chilmari and sundarganj upazilas on the south, raumari upazila and assam state of India on the east, pirgachha and Sundarganj upazilas on the west.

Population Total 395207; male 191041, female 204166; Muslim 365287, Hindu 29423, Buddhist 2, Christian 14and others 481.

Water bodies Main rivers: brahmaputra, dharla, tista.

Administration Ulipur Thana was formed in 1902 and it was turned into an upazila in 1984.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 13 134 354 45933 349274 862 50.3 45.0
26.14 9 16 45933 1757 50.3
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Gunaigachh 55 6233 13542 14697 50.3
Tabakpur 78 6038 17142 18103 48.0
Thetroy 83 6782 11339 12545 51.2
Daldalia 33 5573 10807 12277 56.9
Durgapur 50 6098 16362 17901 45.7
Dharanibari 44 5006 13194 14770 49.3
Dhamserni 39 3919 10446 11435 53.6
Pandul 72 4711 11219 12102 45.6
Bazra 16 8768 15233 16401 49.2
Buraburi 22 9833 16402 16688 39.6
Begumganj 14 11355 8770 8539 22.2
Saheber Alga 75 24946 10245 10182 24.3
Hatia 61 7571 13937 14996 37.7

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Ulipur Jami Mosque, three domed Panch Pir Mosque, Satdarga Jami Mosque, Bazra Jami Mosque, Kazi Mosque in Daldalia union (1214 AH), Arabic inscription of an unknown mosque of Hussain Shahi period (preserved in the varendra research museum), Siddheswari Temple, Shiva Bari Mandir, Gobinda Jeu Mandir.

Historical events Many people of the upazila were actively involved in the anti British Movement in 1920 in which one Rishikesh Majumder was imprisoned.

War of Liberation In 1971 the freedom fighters attacked a Pak military convoy. On 13 November the Pak army killed about 700 villagers at Hatia. During the war of liberation seven freedom fighters were killed in an encounter with the Pak army at Mongoler Hat. There are mass graves at 3 places of the upazila (Hatia Dagar Kuthi, Dharanibari Madhupur and a place adjacent to Ulipur Dakbungalow) and three memorial monuments were built.

For details: see উলিপুর উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ১।

Noted religious institutions Ulipur Masjidul Huda, Ulipur Jami Mosque, Daldalia Kazi Mosque, Satdargah Jami Mosque, Bazra Jami Mosque, Three Domed Panch Pir Mosque, Siddeshwari Temple, Shiva Bari Mandir, Gobinda Jeu Mandir.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 45.6%; male 49.5%, female 42.1%. Educational institutions: college 4, secondary school 42, primary school 183, madrasa 100. Noted educational institutions: Ulipur Government Degree College (1964), Ulipur Mohila College (1986), Panch Pir Degree College (1987), MA Matin Bari Technical and Agricultural College (1995), Ulipur Maharani Sarnamoyee High School (1864), Durgapur High School (1914), Bakshiganj Rajibia High School (1945), Ulipur Government Girls' High School (1909), Ulipur Government Primary School (1909), Durgapur Government Primary School (1914), Satdargah Nesaria Alia Madrasa (1952), Kamal Khamar Bilateral Senior Madrasa (1954), Nureshwar Amenia Madrasa (1954).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Julfikar and Kalam Zamin.

Cultural organisations Library 6, cinema hall 2, women organisation 1, playground 10.

Amusement centres Tupamari Pukur.

Main sources of income Agriculture 69.41%, non-agricultural labourer 3.10%, industry 0.53%, commerce 10.61%, transport and communication 2.53%, service 5.61%, construction 1.11%, religious service 0.17%, rent and remittance 0.38% and others 6.55%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 54.70%, landless 45.3%; agricultural landowner: urban 45.37% and rural 55.93%.'

Main crops Paddy, jute, maize, kaun, ground nut, mustard, pulse, sesame, ginger, garlic, onion, betel leaf.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, lentil, khesari.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, blackberry, coconut, papaya, banana, betel nut.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries This upazila has a number of fisheries, dairies and poultries.

Communication facilities Pucca road 75 km, semi-pucca road 9 km, mud road 436 km; railway 16 km, waterway 52 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Flour mill, husking mill, ice factory, Tredol Pump factory (locally known as Dheki Kal), welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, embroidery.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 53, most noted of which are Ulipur Hat, Durgapur Hat, Bakshiganj Hat, Mandal Hat, Buraburi Hat, Anantapur Hat, Pandul Hat, Thetroy Hat, Bazra Hat, Hatiar Tazia Mela and Shideshwari Mela.

Main exports Jute, betel leaf, betel nut, onion, garlic.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 18.9% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 97.7%, tap 0.1% and others 2.2%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 57.9% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 33.3% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 8.8% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health centre 13, maternity hospital 1, eye hospital 1.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa. [Md. Abdul Hakim]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Ulipur Upazila 2007.