Sulla Upazila

Sulla Upazila (sunamganj district) area 256.03 sq km, located in between 24°34' and 24°49' north latitudes and in between 91°08' and 91°23' east longitudes. It is bounded by derai upazila on the north, itna and ajmiriganj upazilas on the south, baniachang and Ajmiriganj upazilas on the east, khaliajuri and Itna upazilas on the west.

Population Total 113743, male 57316, female 56427; Muslim 60277, Hindu 53455, Buddhist 1, Christian 3 and others 7.

Water bodies Main rivers: surma, piyain, Kalni; Chakui Beel, Banda Beel, Aria Beel, Ralia Beel, Katari Beel, Gachidoba Beel, Katari Beel and Gochidoba Beel are notable.

Administration Sulla Thana was formed in 1919 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
- 4 65 116 3914 109829 444 63.5 33.2
Upazila Town
Area (sq km) Mouza Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate  (%)
3.79 2 3914 1033 63.5
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Atgaon 23 16288 15962 15504 25.4
Bahara 47 14426 13739 13776 44.8
Sulla 95 13957 12820 12408 30.8
Habibpur 71 18597 14795 14739 36.2

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Srihail Shaheb Bari Jami Mosque, stone statues at villages Dumra and Bahara, Sree Sree Ramkrishna Gosai Akhra, Someshwari Temple at Bahara.

War of Liberation Sulla was under Sector 5 of the war of liberation. The Pak army conducted mass killing, torturing and plundering; they also set many houses of the upazila on fire. Sulla is a haor area with difficulties to navigate and therefore, Pakistani soldiers did not dare to set their camp here. Freedom fighters did not have any direct encounter with them in the area. However, at one point of time, when the enemies took an initiative of establishing a temporary camp in the upazila, the freedom fighters attacked them and they were forced to quit the area leaving behind their arms and ammunitions at the local police station. 2 memorial monuments have been built in the upazila.

For details: see শাল্লা উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ১০।

Religious institutions Mosque 120, temple 26, tomb 1, sacred place 2. Noted religious institutions: Gungiargaon Sulla Jami Mosque, Srihail Shaheb Bari Jami Mosque, Bahara Jami Mosque, Sree Sree Ramkrishna Gosai Akhra, Someshwari Temple at Bahara.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 34.3%; male 36.4%, female 32.1%. Educational institutions: college 1, secondary school 9, primary school 98, community school 2, madrasa 3. Noted educational institutions: Sulla College (1986), Shahid Ali Bilateral Pilot High School (1968), Govinda Chandra Girls' High School (1981), Giridhar Pilot High School, Mamudnagar High School, Pallabi Adarsha High School, Bahara Primary School (1831), Anandapur Government Primary School (1925), Sulla Hasimia Islami Madrasa (1987).

Newspapers and periodicals Arunadai (2001), Darain (2000), Bhati Kantha (2001), Bijoy (2002), Gang (2003), Nakshatra (2004), 'Kalni (2001), Haorer Dheow (defunct).

Cultural organisations Library 6, club 10, literary organisation 2, music school 3, playground 18, women's organisation 4.

Main sources of income Agriculture 83.99%, non-agricultural labourer 3.50%, industry 0.08%, commerce 4.18%, transport and communication 0.04%, service 2.19%, construction 0.23%, religious service 0.18%, rent and remittance 0.18% and others 5.61%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 63.97%, landless 36.03%; agricultural landowner: urban 51.27% and rural 64.58%.

Main crops Paddy, nut, potato, onion, vegetables, oil seed.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, linseed, mustard.

Main fruits Coconut, mango, jackfruit, papaya, banana, pineapple.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 16, dairy 3, poultry 40.

Communication facilities Pucca road 25 km, semi-pucca road 10 km, mud road 200 km; waterway 80 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, ice factory, bakery, welding factory, plastic factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, bamboo work, cane work, wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 15, fairs 5, most noted of which are Gungiargaon Bazar, Pratap Pur Bazar, Sashkhai Bazar, Anandapur Bazar, Sulla Bazar, Mamudnagar Bazar, Satpara Bazar, Putka Bazar, Daudpur Bazar and Someshwari Baruni Mela.

Main exports Fish.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 37.0% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources Peat coal.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 98.7% and others 1.3%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 16.7% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 66.9% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 16.4% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, union health and family welfare centre 2, community clinic 6, satellite clinic 1, TB clinic 1(operated by brac), leprosy treatment centre (operated by HEED Bangladesh).

Natural disasters Many people were victims of the earthquake of 1897; it also changed the course of the river. Besides, the floods of 1955, 1974, 1988 and 1998 and the tsunami of 2004 caused heavy damages to settlements, livestock, and crops of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, HEED Bangladesh. [Jiban Kumar Chanda]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Sulla Upazila 2007.