Thakurgaon District

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Thakurgaon District (rangpur division) area 1781.74 sq km, located in between 25°40' and 26°12' north latitudes and in between 88°05' and 88°39' east longitudes. It is bounded by panchagarh district on the north, Panchagarh and dinajpur districts on the east, west bengal state of India on the south and west.

Population Total 1390042; male 701281, female 688761; Muslim 1066176, Hindu 309423, Buddhist 263, Christian 7897 and others 6283. Indigenous communities such as santal, oraon, munda, Mushar and rajbangshi belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: tangon, nagar, Kulik, Tirnai, Pathari; Katchna Beel is notable.

Administration Thakurgaon Sub-division was established in 1860 under the district of Dinajpur and was turned into a district in 1984. Of the five upazilas of the district thakurgaon sadar was the largest (683.45 sq km) and haripur is the smallest (201.06 sq km).

Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
1781.74 5 3 51 638 641 161309 1228733 780 48.7
Others Information of District
Name of Upazila Area (sq km) Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Thakurgaon Sadar 654.95 1 19 194 198 5,81,227 887 53.3
Pirganj 353.99 1 10 168 168 2,43,535 688 47.8
Baliadangi 284.13 - 8 78 78 1,95,049 686 43.4
Ranisankail 287.59 1 8 124 124 2,22,284 773 46.6
Haripur 201.07 - 6 72 73 1,47,947 736 42.1

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2011,Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

War of Liberation On 17 April 1971, the Pak army brutally killed a number of Bangalis on the road side of the Bhatarmari Farm of Pirganj upazila. During the war of liberation the Pak army brutally killed 18 persons at village Belcha Zhikra of Baliadangi upazila. On 28 April the Pak army shot two freedom fighters dead at village Chhoto Palashbari and Baro Palashbari; besides, they also shot 9 innocent persons dead on the bank of the river Tirnai adjacent to the Kushaldangi Hat. On the same day the Pak army killed 7 persons at Kaliganj. In 1971, direct encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Bhulli, Gareya and Salandar of Thakurgaon Sadar in which many people were killed and wounded. Besides, the Pak army conducted mass killing and plundering in Haripur upazila; they also set many houses of the upazila on fire. Mass graves have been discovere at 6 places of the upazila and there are 4 mass killing sites.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 48.7%; male 53.0%, female 44.4%. Educational institutions: technical college 11, teacher's centre 1, B.ED college 1, vocational training institute 1, vocational textile institute 1, youth training centre 2, college 67, secondary school 358, primary school 865, community school 10, madrasa 77. Noted educational institutions: Thakurgaon Zila School (1904), Thakurgaon Government Boys' High School (1904), Pirganj Pilot High School (1907), Ranisankail Pilot High School (1914), Ranisankail Government Model Primary School (1917), Charta High School (1928), Lahiri high School (1932), Pirganj Government Model Primary School (1933), Haripur Bilateral High School (1936), Haripur Government Primary School (1953), Thakurgaon Government College (1957), Pirganj Degree College (1964), Ranisankail Degree College (1972).

Main sources of income Agriculture 76.74%, non-agricultural labourer 2.84%, industry 0.36%, commerce 9.05%, transport and communication 2.34%, service 3.91%, construction 0.76%, religious service 0.11%, rent and remittance 0.17% and others 3.72%.

Newspapers and periodicals Defunct daily: Thakurgaon Darpan, Sangrami Bangla, Gram Bangla, Bangladesh, Janarab, Uttar Hath, A Somoy, Swargam, Cinchan, Batikrama, Spandan, Chharpatra, Dipalaka, Bir Bangali, Raktakta Prantar, Durbadal, Rokter Rang Neel, Rokta Jhora Din; defunct literary periodicals: Aso Cheye Dekhi Prithibi, Usashi, Chalachitra; periodicals: Aangikar, oikantik, Samakal, Mukul, Abe Hayat, Rabindra Smaranika, Barshik Siri.

Folk culture Notable folk songs of the district include Jari, Sari, Bhawaya, Kabigan, Satta Pirer Palagan, etc. The other folk culture include Charak Puja, Ras Jatra, proverbs, riddle, rhymes, etc.

Tourist spots' Jagadal Zamindar Bari, residence of Raja Tonkanath (Ranisankail upazila), Saguni and Thumnia Sal forest (Pirganj upazila). [Abu Md. Iqbal Rumi Shah]

See also The upazilas under this district.

References' Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Thakurgaon District 2007.