Itna Upazila

Itna Upazila (kishoreganj district) area 503.40 sq km, located in between 24°27' and 24°39' north latitudes and in between 90°57' and 91°57' east longitudes. It is bounded by madan and khaliajuri upazilas on the north, mithamain and karimganj upazilas on the south, ajmiriganj and sulla upazilas on the east, tarail upazila on the west.

Population Total 151157; male 79646, female 71508; Muslim 126690, Hindu 24306, Buddhist 19 and others 142.

Water bodies Main rivers: surma, Dhanu, Baulai, Kalni; Haular Haor, Maora Beel, Chapra Beel, Kaira Beel, Ugli Beel, Sonabandha Beel, Ghora Beel and Agalpa Beel are notable.

Administration Itna Thana was formed in 1917 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Upazila
Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
- 9 93 128 20635 130522 300 26.1 24.6
Upazila Town
Area (sq km) Mouza Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
37.72 5 20635 547 26.1
Union
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Itna 51 12411 12011 10877 22.91
Elongjuri 8 7631 6268 5836 25.24
Chauganga 27 11964 5810 5038 26.55
Joysiddhi 60 9419 7946 7544 25.31
Dhanpur 43 16850 6687 5625 33.21
Badla 17 14252 7984 6650 23.53
Baribari 25 11199 12555 11179 21.29
Mriga 86 11901 9554 8888 24.44
Raituti 94 10429 10834 9871 25.48

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

ItnaUpazila.jpg

Archaeological heritage and relics Badshahi Mosque and Dighi (Itna Barahati)

History of the War of Liberation During the war of liberation the Pakistan army killed a number of people at Boira of Joysiddhi union.

Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave at Boira village of Joysiddhi union.

Religious institutions Mosque 250, temple 7, tomb 6, akhra 4.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 24.8%; male 28.1%, female 21.2%. Educational institutions: college 1, secondary school 11, primary school 93, kindergarten 3, madrasa 21, maktab 137. Noted educational institutions: Itna College (1998), Mahesh Chandra Shikkaya Nikentan High School (1943), Thaneshwar High School (1947), Joysiddhi High School (1974), Itna Pilot Girls' High School (1984), Chauganga Fazil Madrasa (1962).

Cultural organisations Officers' club 1, women's organisation 1, community centre 1, cultural groups 5.

Main sources of income Agriculture 77.84%, non-agricultural labourer 3.45%, industry 0.32%, commerce 6.40%, transport and communication 0.37%, service 1.93%, construction 0.41%, religious service 0.30%, rent and remittance 0.16% and others 4.86%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 53.91%, landless 46.09%; agricultural landowner: urban 39.22% and rural 56.17%.

Main crops Paddy, potato, mustard, peanut, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Kaun, china.

Main fruits Mango, black berry, banana.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 215, poultry 81, hatchery 12.

Communication facilities Pucca road 8 km, mud road 74 km; waterway 9.18 nautical miles.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 12, fairs 3, most noted of which are Natun Bazar, Puran Bazar, Dhanpur Bazar, Joysiddhi Bazar, Elongjuri Bazar and Barshikura Bazar.

Main exports Paddy, fish, potato, peanut.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 9.27% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 88.23%, tap 0.44%, pond 4.12% and others 7.21%.

Sanitation 10.34% (urban 16.19% and rural 9.44%) of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 79.55% (urban 76.63% and rural 80%) of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines 10.11% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health centre 1, family welfare centre 4, hospital 1.

Natural Disasters Many people were victims of the famine of 1943. Besides, the floods of 1974, 1988 and 1998 caused heavy damages to settlements, livestock and other properties of the upazila.

NGO activities brac, RDP, UP. [Saurav Jahangir]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Itna Upazila 2007.