Gomastapur Upazila

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Gomastapur Upazila (nawabganj district) area 318.13 sq km, located in between 24°44' and 24°58' north latitudes and in between 88°13' and 88°58' east longitudes. It is bounded by west bengal of India and porsha upazila on the north, shibganj (Nawabganj) and nachole upazilas on the south, niamatpur and Nachole upazilas on the east, bholahat, Shibganj (Nawabganj) upazilas and West Bengal of India on the west.

Population Total 275823; male 136321, female 139502; Muslim 256658, Hindu 15985, Buddhist 1, Christian 2415 and others 764. Indigenous communities such as santal, oraon, Munda, Mahali belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: mahananda, punarbhaba; Kolar Beel, Kuaria Beel, Bara Beel, Baran Beel, Koral Beel, Damas Beel, Jhapai Beel and Likhria Beel are notable.

Administration Gomastapur Thana was formed in 1836 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 8 163 234 58624 217199 867 44.7 (2001) 38.8

Area (sq km)




Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

14.38 (2001) 9 33 34941 2119 (2001) 56.5
Upazila Town

Area (sq km)



Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

9.57 (2001) 2 23683 2144 (2001) 40.5
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Alinagar 10 3853 7379 7901 40.6
Gomastapur 52 6946 20117 20659 39.2
Chowdala 42 4594 17293 17954 34.1
Parbatipur 63 18735 18463 18468 42.6
Bhangabaria 21 4893 12575 13063 36.5
Boalia 31 7440 13099 13821 41.2
Radhanagar 73 20044 20161 20304 42.2
Rohanpur 84 8509 9843 9782 32.7

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Stupa at village Naoda, single domed look-out tower (Rohanpur), Shahapur Garh.

War of Liberation Freedon fightgers of the upazila carried out their first attck on Rohanpur Pak army in the upazila in July. A number of Pakistani soldiers were killed and/or wounded in the attack. Freedom fighters had another fight with Pak army at Kalupur and there had been encounters also at Boalia, nandalalpur, Alinagar and Shahpur garh. There is a mass grave in the upazila.

For details: see গোমস্তাপুর উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ৩।

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 41.2%; male 40.0%, female 42.4%. Noted educational institutions: Rohanpur Yusuf Ali College (1967), Gomastapur Soleman Mia College (1984), Rohanpur AB Government High School (1942),' Gomastapur Pilot High School (1949).

Newspapers and periodicals Protiva Bikash, Rohanpur Barta.

Cultural organisations Library 3, club 10, health club 1, cinema hall 3, women's organisation 20.

Main sources of income Agriculture 62.45%, non-agricultural labourer 4.75%, industry 1.61%, commerce 16.87%, transport and communication 1.33%, service 3.45%, construction 1.16%, religious service 0.17%, rent and remittance 0.11% and others 8.10%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 38.30%, landless 61.70%; agricultural landowner: urban 36.31% and rural 38.81%.

Main crops Paddy, potato, wheat, corn, tomato vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Mustard, linseed, kaun, arhar.

Main fruits Jackfruit, mango, banana, water-melon.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries This upazila has a number of dairies and poultries.

Communication facilities Pucca road 194 km, semi-pucca road 31 km, mud road 459 km; railway 11 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage.

Noted manufactories Ice factory, biscuit factory, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, weaving, bamboo and wood work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 17, fairs 2, most noted of which are Rohanpur Hat, Santoshpur Hat, Gomastapur Hat, Chowdala Bazar, Parbatipur Bazar; Kalupur Mela and Parbatipur Adda Mela.

Main exports Mango, tomato, paddy, rice.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 42.4% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 90.6%, tap 6.9% and others 2.5%. The presence of arsenic in an intolerable level has been detected in 861 out of 5724 shallow tube-wells of the upazila.

Sanitation 22.4% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 58.4% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 19.2% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health centre, family planning centre, satellite health centre, eye hospital and Christian mission.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are caritas, proshika, brac, asa, BAIS, Prayas. [ Mahbubur Rahman Rana]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Gomastapur Upazila 2007.