Chandpur Sadar Upazila

Chandpur Sadar Upazila (chandpur district) area 308.77 sq km, located in between 23°07' and 23°20' north latitudes and in between 90°34' and 90°48' east longitudes. It is bounded by matlab dakshin and matlab uttar upazilas on the north, haimchar and faridganj upazilas on the south, hajiganj and Faridganj upazilas on the east, bhedarganj (shariatpur) and gosairhat upazilas on the west.

Population Total 465919; male 226959, female 238960; Muslim 438807, Hindu 26286, Buddhist 75, Christian 265 and others 486. Indigenous community such as Tipra belongs to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: lower meghna, dakatia; Satbaria Beel is notable.

Administration Chandpur Thana was turned into an upazila in 1984. Chandpur Municipality was formed in 1897.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 14 136 112 171065 294854 1509 66.58 (2001) 49.7

(sq km)




(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

10.59 (2001) 15 121 159021 8630 (2001) 67.4
Upazila Town

(sq km)



(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

5.58 (2001) 1 12044 3077 (2001) 59.0
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Ashikati 18 2825 11370 12645 60.6
Ibrahimpur 63 11805 7020 5963 26.0
Kalyanpur 20 5637 6918 7942 62.1
Chandra 54 3738 12968 14815 44.7
Tarpur Chandi 94 2501 5803 6241 59.0
Baghadi 22 3398 15417 16746 50.3
Balia 27 4422 14148 16379 51.8
Bishnupur 31 7467 12424 15207 50.1
Maishadi 67 1914 7149 7881 55.1
Rajrajeshwar 76 11630 7531 7366 15.8
Rampur 85 3025 10186 11706 66.2
Sakhua 90 3381 20057 19571 47.2
Shah Mahmudpur 81 3386 11848 13008 55.0
Hanar Char 58 4842 4321 4268 35.3

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Begum Mosque (1812), Kalibari Mandir (1878), Math at Mathkhola.

Historical events The coolies of the Assam tea gardens revolted against the atrocities of the British tea garden owners. On their way to Calcutta about 20 thousand coolies assembled at Chandpur Steamer Ghat (jetty). The British government conducted a massacre at the ghat area to contain the collies. Hardayal Nag, known as Gandhi of Chandpur, protested against the massacre. This protest movement spread all over the undivided India. Mahatma Gandhi, Maulana Mohammad Ali, chitta ranjan das, and subhas chandra bose visited Chandpur to ease this movement.

War of Liberation Chandpur Sadar upazila was under Sector number 2 during the period of the War of Liberation. Freedom fighters of the upazila had encounters with Pak army at places like Wireless Bazar, Ashikati Bazar, Akandaghat, Majumdarbari and Bagdi Bazaar. Two major operations carried out by freedom fighters were the operation on the river Meghna and the naval commado operation on the Dakatia River. A sculpture (‘Aungikar’ meaning the Oath) has been built in the upazila.

For details: see চাঁদপুর সদর উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ৩।

Religious institutions Mosque 644, temple 5, church 1, tomb 2. Noted religious institutions: Begum Mosque, Puran Bazar Mosque, tomb of' Khawja Ahmad Saheb (Islampur), Kalibari Mandir.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 57.12%; Male 58.81%, Female 55.43%. Noted educational institutions: Chandpur Govt. College (1946), Chandpur Govt. Mahila College (1964), Puran Bazar Degree College, Hasan Ali Government Boys' High School (former Jubilee High School, 1885), Baburhat High School (1899), Harina-Chalitatali Edward Institution (1901), Chandpur Rupsa Ahamadia High School (1913), Gani Adarsha High School (1917), DN High School (1920), Harisabha Madusadan High school (1921), Puran Bazar M H High School (1921), Kherudia Delowar Hossain High School and College (1925), Sahatali High School (1927), Matreepith Govt. Girls' School (1961), Shahtali Alia Madrasa (1899).

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Chandpur Barta, Chandpur Probaha, Chandpur Kantha, Chandpur Darpan, Chandpur Zamin, Chandpur Sangbad; Defunct: Nababangha, Bharat Hitoshi, Raktapalash, Raktim Surya.

Cultural organisations Club 81, library 5, cinema hall 3, theatre group 13, women organisation 4, government shishu sadan 1, park 2, stadium 1. Noted cultural organisations: Barnachora (1973, theatre group) and Udayan Mahila Complex (women's organisation).

Important installations Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute.

Main sources of income Agriculture 33.40%, non-agricultural labourer 3.48%, industry 1.54%, commerce 20.48%, transport and communication 4.44%, service 13.28%, construction 2.75%, religious service' 0.36%, rent and remittance 2.19% and others 18.08%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 46.04%, landless 53.96%; agricultural landowner: urban' 31.75% and rural 50.65%.

Main crops Paddy, sugarcane, jute, potato, wheat.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Sesame, kaun, linseed, china, mustard.'

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, palm, coconut, guava, papaya.'

Fisheries, dairies and poultries This upazila has a number of fisheries, dairies and poultries.

Communication facilities Pucca road 229 km, semi-pucca road 8 km, mud road 293 km; railway 16 km; waterway 50 kms.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Jute mill, rice mill, flour mill, aluminum industries, chemical industries, match industries, ice factory, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, weaving, shital pati, embroidery, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 28, fairs 5, most noted of which are Baburhat, Mahamaya, Akhaner Hat, Shahtali, Kanudi, Chhoto Sundar, Chandra, Bhagra, Kamranga and Safarmali Hat; Mathkhola Shiva Bari Mela and Mahayamaya Mela.

Main exports Hilsa fish, shrimp, sugarcane, jute and jute products.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 71.2% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 69.9%, tap 22.0% and others 8.1%.

Sanitation 74.7% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 22.3% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 3.0% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Hospital 7, upazila health complex 1, charitable hospital 1, family welfare centre 14, maternity' clinic 2.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, asa, CARE. [Sayeed Ahmed Khan]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Chandpur Sadar Upazila 2007.'