Chilmari Upazila

Chilmari Upazila (kurigram district) area 224.96 sq km, located in between 25°26' and 25°40' north latitudes and in between 89°38' and 89°48' east longitudes. It is bounded by ulipur upazila on the north, char rajibpur and sundarganj upazilas on the south, raumari and Char Rajibpur upazilas on the east, Sundarganj and Ulipur upazilas on the west.

Population Total 122841; male 59414, female 63427; Muslim 116553, Hindu 6189, Christian 2 and others 97.

Water bodies Main rivers: brahmaputra; noted beels are Udnar Beel, Chaslar Beel, Magurar Beel, Shouldhukrir Beel, Horinnar Bandha Beel and Pedi Theorar Beel.

Administration Chilmari Thana was established in 1850 and it was turned into an upazila on 15 April, 1983.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
- 6 48 133 45215 77626 546 45.5 36.2
Upazila Town

(sq km)



(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

28.09 5 45215 1610 45.5
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Ashtamir Char 11 18528 8681 9020 23.5
Chilmari 23 6654 3418 3484 32.7
Thanahat 83 6020 18857 19620 50.4
Nayerhat 47 12845 5069 5450 24.2
Ramna 59 5161 13684 15045 41.2
Raniganj 71 6381 9705 10808 40.3

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Three domed Mosque (Mughal period), Kali Mandir and Shiva Mandir.

Historical Events During the 1920s many people of Chilmari were involved in the anti British movement; warrants were issued against Abdul Majid, Paresh Chandra Mallick and Naren Kumar Thakur. Paresh Chandra Mallick was arrested and was exiled to the Andamans.

War of Liberation During the war of liberation the Pak army killed 30 persons at a place on the bank of river Brahmaputra on 20 May 1971 of Chilmari upazila. On 17 October 1971 an encounter was held between a group of 150 freedom fighters, under Muktijoddha Abul Kashem Chand and the Pak army in which 11 freedom fighters were killed; Chilmari was liberated after this encounter. There is a mass killing site in the upazila on the bank of the river Brahmaputra.

For details: see চিলমারী উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ৩।

Religious institutions Mosque 145, temple 10. Noted religious institutions: three-domed Mosque (Mughal period), Kali Mandir and Shiva Mandir.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 39.7%; male 42.8%, female 36.9%. Educational institutions: college 4, secondary school 16, primary school 86, community primary school 2, vocational school 3, madrasa 30. Noted educational institutions: Chilmari Degree College (1985), Chilmari Mahila Degree College (1995), Golam Habib Mahila Degree College (1995), Chilmari High School (1933), Thanahat A.U Pilot High School (1967), Thanahat Pilot Girls' High School (1969), Balabari Hat High School (1948), KD Wari Govt. Primary School (1946), Thanahat Govt. Primary School (1940), Rajarbhita Islamia Fazil Madrasa (1949), Kanchcole Khamar Sakina Dakhil Madrasa (1981).

Newspapers and periodicals Weekly: Janapran

Cultural organisations Cub 15, library 4, cultural organisation 4, cinema hall 1, playground 6.

Amusement centre Ramna Ghat.

Main sources of income Agriculture 67.85%, non-agricultural labourer 5.17%, industry 0.38%, commerce 9.38%, transport and communication 1.23%, service 6.81%, construction 1.01%, religious service 0.09%, rent and remittance 0.22% and others 7.86%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 49.48%, landless 50.52%; agricultural landowner: urban 41.95% and rural 54.03%.

Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, mustard, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Potato, arahar.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, black berry, papaya, banana, guava.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Dairy 9, poultry 16.

Communication facilities Pucca road 25.76 km, semi-pucca road 2.28 km, mud road 113.9 km; waterways 17 km, railways 3.5 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Welding factory, saw mill, rice mill.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, potteries, blacksmith, jute industries, weaving, nakshi kantha, wood' work, bamboo work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 6, fairs 4, most noted of which are Kanchcole Hat, Raniganj Hat, Balabari Hat, Jorgachha Hat, Ashtamir Mela, Balabari Mela, Baruni Mela and Durga Puja Mela.

Main exports Jute.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 23.3% of the dwelling households have access to electricity

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 96.2%, tap 0.1% and others 3.7%.

Sanitation 58.3% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 25.9% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 15.8% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, satellite clinic 1, family planning centre, maternity 1, health centre 1 (run by the destitute), community clinic 12.

Natural disasters The flood of 1974 caused heavy damages to settlements and properties of the upazila.

NGO activities brac, caritas, Gram Unnayan Sanghtha. [Md Abdul Hakim]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Chilmari Upazila 2007.