Manikganj District

Manikganj District (dhaka division) area 1383.66 sq km, located in between 23°38' and 24°03' north latitudes and in between 89°41' and 90°08' east longitudes. It is bounded by tangail district on the north, faridpur and dhaka districts on the south, Dhaka district on the east, pabna, rajbari and sirajganj districts on the west.

Population Total 1392867; male 676359, female 716508; Muslim 1262215, Hindu 130095, Buddhist 4, Christian 447 and others 106.

Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
1383.66 7 2 65 1299 1660 128710 1264157 1007 49.2
Others Information of District

Name of Upazila

(sq km)






(per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

Ghior 148.92 - 7 169 187 146292 982 54.5
Daulatpur 218.34 - 8 152 188 167026 765 34.9
Manikganj Sadar 215.16 1 10 262 315 309413 1438 56.0
Shibalaya 199.18 - 7 205 255 171873 863 53.3
Saturia 140.18 - 9 159 224 171494 1223 47.3
Singair 217.55 1 11 138 241 287451 1321 46.2
Harirampur 244.30 - 13 214 250 139318 570 48.4

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Water bodies Main rivers: padma, jamuna, dhaleshwari, ichamati, Kaliganga, Gazikhali. Administration Manikganj Sub-division was established in 1845 and it was turned into a district in 1984. Of the seven upazilas of the district harirampur is the largest (245.42 sq km) and saturia is the smallest (140.12 sq km).

War of Liberation During the war of liberation in 1971 the freedom fighters attacked a group of three hundred Pak-soldiers (while proceeding towards the Singair camp on boats) at the turn of the Nurani-ganga Khal in which three boats carrying the Pak army were sunk and a number of Pak soldiers including a Major were killed. The Pak army killed 41 villagers by indiscriminate gun shot at village Terasree under Ghior upazila on 22 November. On 14 December the freedom fighters attacked the Pak army at village Kagajinagar under Manikganj Sadar upazila and as a result the Pak army was forced to disperse. In an encounter between the Pak-army and the freedom fighters at village Balirtek on 14 December one Pakistani soldier was captured and one freedom fighter was killed. A battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the receding Pakistani soldiers on 15 December at village Gajinda of Singair upazila in which freedom fighters Mohammad Aminur Rahman, Chhakkel Uddin, Shariful Islam and Rahij Uddin were killed. There is a mass grave by the side of Thana pond and mass killing sites at four places (Saturia Pilot High School compound, Primary Training Institute Campus, Tara Ghat, residence of Balai Babu) of the upazila; Two memorial monuments (at village Terasree, at a place western side of the Manikganj Bus-stand) had been established.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 49.2%; male 52.6%, female 46.0%. Noted educational institutions: Government Devendra College (1942), Government Mahila College (1972), Daragram Viku Memorial College (1966), Khondkar Nurul Hossain Law Academy, Primary Training Institute, Manikganj Government High School (1884), Patgram Anath Bandhu Government High School (1915), Nali Bagria Krishna Chandra High School (1915), Dhankora Girish Institution (1917), Dhulla BM High School (1920), Jamirta SG High School (1921), Terasree KN Institution (1922), Ibrahimpur Iswar Chandra High School (1923), Barangail Gopal Chandra High School (1924), Manikganj Model High School (1925), Jhitka Ananda Mohan High School (1926), Surendra Kumar Government Girls' High School (1938), Baliati Iswar Chandra High School (1919), Ghior DN Pilot High School (1929), Joy Mantap High School (1921), Teota Academy (1891), Manikganj Islamia Senior Madrasa (1953).

Main sources of income Agriculture 56.15%, non-agricultural labourer 3.29%, industry 1.48%, commerce 14.03%, transport and communication 3.25%, service 10.67%, construction 1.45%, religious service 0.21%, rent and remittance 2.10% and others 7.37%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Al-Azan (1992); weekly: Alor Bani (1981), Muktir Bahan, Karcha, Manikganjer Khabar (1995), Ababil (defunct), Manikganj (1972), Manikganj Barta (1981), Budhbar, Pataka, Chalaman (1980), Muktir Dak (1980), Navagram (1978), Jagarani (1965), Ritu-rang-man (1967), Abahaman (1978), Maitree International (1979), Bitap (1981), Dishari, Aloklata, Shiuli, Durbachal, Dawal, Ghazikhali, Chhayapalli.

Folk culture Manikganj district is rich in folk traditions, folk tales and folk games. The most notable folk culture of Manikganj district are Bera Bhasan, Bichhat, Onni song. Other folk culture prevalent in Manikganj are Jarigan, Sarigan, Bhatiali, Rakhali, Kavigan, Murshidi, Marfati, Baul song, Poush Parbaner' gan (songs sung on the occasion of Poush Parvan), Gazir gan, Gazaner gan, Behular gan, Banger biyer gan (song imagining marriage of frogs), Ghetu Jatra, Dhua gan, Bichar gan, Fakiri gan, Baromasi gan sung by women, songs sung on the occasion of collecting mehedi, songs sung on the occasion of preparing turmeric, songs sung on the occasion of gaye halud, songs of marriage ceremony, Marsia, Panchali, etc. [Suruj Khan]

See also The upazilas under this district.

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Manikganj District 2007; Cultural survey report of upazilas of Manikganj District 2007.