Tangail District

Tangail District (dhaka division) area 3414.35 sq km, located in between 24°01' and 24°47' north latitudes and in between 89°44' and 90°18' east longitudes. It is bounded by jamalpur district on the north, dhaka and manikganj districts on the south, mymensingh and gazipur districts on the east, sirajganj district on the west.

Population Total 3605083; male 1757370, female 1847713; Muslim 3342596, Hindu 246237, Buddhist 100, Christian 14125 and others 2025. Indigenous communities such as garo, Bangshi and Kol belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: jamuna, dhaleshwari, Lohajang, bangshi, turag, Jhinai.

Administration Tangail Sub-division was established in 1870 and was turned into a district in 1969. Of the twelve upazilas of the district ghatail is the largest upazila (450.71 sq km, it occupies 13.35% of the total area of the district) and dhanbari is the smallest upazila (127.95 sq km).

Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
3414.35 12 9 109 1884 2443 543785 3061298 1056 46.8
Others Information of District
Name of Upazila Area (sq km) Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Kalihati 295.60 1 14 248 298 410293 1388 42.9
Gopalpur 193.37 1 7 111 158 252331 1305 45.7
Ghatail 451.30 1 11 294 411 417939 926 44.0
Tangail Sadar 334.26 1 12 249 276 521104 1559 53.1
Delduar 184.54 - 8 124 167 207278 1123 51.6
Dhanbari 133.75 1 7 103 132 176068 1316 44.0
Nagarpur 262.70 - 12 217 245 288092 1097 42.7
Basail 157.77 - 6 72 107 159870 1013 50.4
Bhuapur 225.00 1 6 93 128 189913 844 43.8
Madhupur 366.92 1 6 111 180 296729 809 41.2
Mirzapur 373.88 1 14 202 219 407781 1091 55.5
Sakhipur 435.19 1 6 60 122 277685 638 41.1

Source  Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

War of Liberation In 1971, Bangabir Kader Siddiqui formed the ‘Kaderia Bahini’ with about 17000 freedom fighters and launched many successful operations against the Pak army in Tangail district. On 28 March 1971, the Sarbadalio Sangram Parishad (the all party resistance council) hoisted the flag of Bangladesh at the foot of the Bhuapur College Shahid Minar. On 3 April 1971, a battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Goran Satiachara of Mirzapur upazila in which 33 freedom fighters were killed and so were a number of Pak soldiers. In the month of April the freedom fighters led by Bangabir Kader Siddiqui raided the Gopalpur Police Station and captured all arms and ammunitions in store. They also set the police station building on fire. A battle was fought between the freedom fighters and the Pak army in Kalihati upazila on 19 April 1971 in which about 350 Pak soldiers including a Major were killed and so were 11 freedom fighters. In this month another encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army in Madhupur upazila in which 5 Pak soldiers including a Major were killed. On 11 August the freedom fighters challenged a Pakistani river vessel carrying huge amount of arms and ammunitions at Sirajkandi of Bhuapur upazila and captured all arms and ammunitions. The freedom fighters had also burnt the vessel. Four freedom fighters were killed in an encounter with the Pak army on 6 October at Ballah of Sakhipur upazila. On 17 November the Pak army brutally killed 32 innocent persons at village Chhabisha of Bhuapur upazila. They also set 350 houses on fire. On 10 December the Indian allied forces launched attack on the Pak army in which 370 Pak soldiers were killed and more than one hundred were wounded. The allied forces captured about 600 Pakistani soldiers. The Pak army killed 7 persons of the same family at Sarengpur under Nagarpur upazila on 13 December. During the war of liberation, a Pakistan military cargo carrying arms and ammunitions was captured by the freedom fighters under Habibur Rahman (Bir Bikram). In the battle that followed about 30 members of the Pakistan army were killed. Mass graves have been discovered at 4 places (Nagarpur, Mirzapur, Gopalpur and Bhuapur) and there are two mass killing sites (Mirzapur, Gopalpur) in the upazila; martyrs' memorial was built at three places (Tangail Sadar, Bhuapur, and Basail), a memorial monument at Sakhipur (Gopalpur) and a memorial plaque (at Makrai Kumar Para of Ghatail upazila were also established.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 46.8%; male 50.0%, female 43.8%. Noted educational institutions: Maulana Bhasani Science and Technology University (1997), Karatia Sadot University College (1926), Madhupur University College (1972), Kumudini Medical College (2001), GBG University College (1969), Kumudini Government Mohila College (1943), Mirzapur Cadet College (1965), Nagarpur Government College (1966), Mahera Police Training School (1970), Bharateswari Homes, Ghatail Cantonment Public School and College (1991), Santosh Janhobi Debi High School (1970), Government Bindubashini Boys' High School (1880), Government Bindubashini Girls' High School (1882), Sibanath High School (1907), BS Bisweswari High School (1926), Rokeya Senior Fazil Madrasa (1925).

Main sources of income Agriculture 57.28%, non-agricultural labourer 2.87%, industry 3.42%, commerce 13.07%, transport and communication 3.63%, service 7.94%, construction 1.23%, religious service 0.19%, rent and remittance 2.12% and others 8.25%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Mufassal (1987), Majlumer Kantha (1995), Ajker Telegram, Lokkatha, Nagarik Kantha, Pragatir Alo, Bangshai; weekly: Purbakash (1994), Janatar Kantha (1992), Dhanbari Barta, Madhupur Barta, Samal, Ganabiplab, Madhubani; quarterly: Adalat (1981); defunct periodical: Hitakari (1892), Samachar (1936), Hakkatha (1936), Bulletin Bangla, Khudba, Satyakatha, Janata (1954), Tangail Hitoishi (1890), Naba Mihir (1891), Probaho (1914), Durbin (1947), Joy Bangla (1971), Lohajang, Khamos, Mou Bazar, Bidrahi Kantha, Parjukti, Mul Srata, Tangail Barta, literary periodical: Balark' (1970); fortnightly: Sanket (1973), Ahmadi,' Rayat (1936);' Monthly: Akbar-e-Islamia (1883), Naba Yug (1890), Naba Bidhan (1890), Prajasakti (1931).

Folk culture The folk festivals of the district include Nabanna, Pous Sankranti, Baruni, Aushtami etc. Notable folk songs include Dhua, Jari, Sari, Rakhali, Baromashi, Palagan, Palli Geeti, Bhawaiya, Bhatiali, Murshidi, Marfati, Bichar, Bara Banar Gan (songs sung by women during husking of paddy by Dekhi), songs for driving of ghosts, Marriage song, Ghetugan, Kavigan, Baul songs etc. Folk games and sports of the district include Lathi khela (stick game), boat race, Kabadi, Bhara Bhuda, Changa race, bull fight, horse race, Dhopbari, Gamchhabari, Tunkibari etc.'

Tourists spots National Park at Madhupur, bangabandhu jamuna multipurpose bridge (Bhuapur and Kalihati), Jamuna Resort (Kalihati), Zamindar Bari and Hinganagar Rajbari' (Delduar). [Arifa Islam]

See also The upazilas under this district

References Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Tangail District 2007; Cultural survey report of Upazilas of Tangail District 2007.