Sonaimuri Upazila

Sonaimuri Upazila (noakhali district) area 169.14 sq km, located in between 23°02' and 23°06' north latitudes and in between 91°00' and 91°13' east longitudes. It is bounded by monoharganj upazila (comilla), begumganj upazila on the south, senbagh upazila on the east and chatkhil upazila on the west.

Population Total 327194; male 149751, female 177443; Muslim 317777, Hindu 9227, Buddhist 184, Christian 1 and others 5.

Water bodies Main river: dakatia.

Administration Sonaimuri upazila was formed on 29 January 2005 comprising parts of Begumganj upazila.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 10 133 148 34218 292976 1934 62.0 60.9

Area (sq km)




Density (per sq km)

Literacy rate (%)

13.11 9 18 34218 2610 62.0
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Ambarnagar 13 2783 10431 13427 60.9
Amisha Para 15 4320 14892 17352 68.2
Chasirhat 91 1610 6230 7516 53.2
Jayag 59 5073 15292 18266 62.6
Deoti 35 4823 16445 18301 63.2
Nateshwar 77 4019 13524 17806 53.3
Nadana 73 4895 15082 16979 61.4
Bazra 21 3403 15379 18557 62.7
Baragaon 17 4251 14397 17309 56.3
Sonapur 94 3379 11489 14302 62.2

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Bazra Shahi Jami Mosque (1153 AH), Sree Sree Gadadhar Kundu Tirtha (place of pilgrimage).

War of Liberation Sonaimuri upazila was under Sector 2 during the war of liberation. On 21 April two encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army, one at a place near the outer signal of Sonaimuri Railway Station and the other at Bagadia in which about 20 Pak soldiers were killed and so were two freedom fighters. This upazila was liberated on 7 December. A memorial monument has been established at Sonaimuri.

For details: see সোনাইমুড়ি উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ৮।

Religious institutions Mosque165, temple 6, tomb 1. Noted religious institutions:' Bazra Shahi Jami Mosque, Sonaimuri Jami Mosque, Nadana Jami Mosque.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 61.0%; male 60.2%, female 61.7%. Educational institutions: college 4, secondary school 33, primary school 114, community primary school 6, madrasa 19. Noted educational institutions: Sonaimuri Degree College (1970), Sonaimuri High School (1917), Bazra Multilateral High School (1919), Sonaimuri Hamidia Aliya Madrasa (1926).

Main sources of income Agriculture 27.32%, non-agricultural labourer 2.06%, industry 0.63%, commerce 16.46%, transport and communication 3.60%, service 18.15%, construction 1.29%, religious service 0.38%, rent and remittance 14.38% and others 15.73%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 60.38%, landless 39.69%.

Cultural organisations Library 2, club 6, women's organisation 6, playground 12, cultural group 2.

Main crops Paddy, betel nut, mustard seed, pulses, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Linseed, sesame, arahar, china.

Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, coconut, banana, black berry, guava, papaya, betel nut.

Communication facilities Pucca road 222.35 km, semi-pucca 7.75 km, mud road 1293.31 km; railway 11 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage, buffalo cart.

Noted manufactories Rice mill, ice factory, saw mill, biscuit factory, welding factory.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, pottery, embroidery, wood work, bamboo and cane works.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 30, fairs 2, most noted of which are Sonaimuri Hat, Thanar Hat, Kamarer Hat, Nadana Hat, Kashimpur Hat, Shantir Hat, Lalmiar Hat, Jayag Bazar, Bazra Station Bazar, Muslimganj Bazar, Sonapur Bazar, Bangla Bazar and Amisha Para Bazar.

Access to electricity All the wards and unions of the upazila are under rural electrification network. However 76.0% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 93.8%, tap 1.4% and others 4.8%.

Sanitation 90.7% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 7.0% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 2.3% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Natural disasters The floods of 1988, 1998, and 2004 caused heavy damages to settlements, livestock and properties of the upazila. Besides, the tornado of 1993 and the cyclone of September 2006 flowing over six villages of Amisha Para union caused heavy damages to settlements and properties of these villages.

Health centres Hospital 1, upazila health complex 1, health and family welfare centre 10, family planning centre 8, community clinic 24.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, proshika, asa. [Atikur Rahman]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Sonaimuri Upazila 2007.