Sreebardi Upazila

Sreebardi Upazila (sherpur district) area 248.25 sq km, located in between 25°03' and 25°18' north latitudes and in between 89°53' and 90°03' east longitudes. It is bounded by Meghalaya state of India on the north, sherpur sadar upazila on the south, jhenaigati upazila on the east, bakshiganj and islampur upazila on the west.

Population Total 259648; male 128920, female 130728; Muslim 254883, Hindu 3017, Buddhist 1, Christian 1314 and others 433.

Water bodies Main rivers: Shomeshwari, Mrigi; Katakhali Canal and Chhapa Beel, Basa Beel, Chhotabasa Beel and Mrigi Beel are notable.

Administration Sreebardi Thana, now an upazila, was formed on 31 March 1918. Sreebardi Municipality was formed in 24 September 2004.

Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural Urban Rural
1 10 77 142 24169 235479 1046 38.2 34.5
(sq km)
Ward Mahalla Population Density
(per sq km)
Literacy rate (%)
10.90 9 20 24169 2217 38.2
Name of union and GO code Area (acre) Population Literacy rate (%)
Male Female
Kakilakura 47 6518 12929 13355 33.3
Kurikahania 63 4280 11615 11927 37.1
Kharia Kazir Char 55 5417 12078 12183 28.3
Garjaripa 31 3840 9250 9349 37.6
Gosaipur 39 4818 12153 12221 37.3
Tantihati 94 4871 9271 9513 34.2
Bhelua 15 6488 16350 16025 32.8
Rani Shimul 71 10240 14513 15171 38.6
Sreebardi 86 3786 9018 9177 25.6
Singa Baruna 79 8385 9598 9783 38.6

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Archaeological heritage and relics Baraduari Mosque at Garhjaripa.

War of Liberation Sreebardi upazila was under Sector 11 of the war of liberation in 1971. Eleven freedom fighters including Shah Motasim Billah Khurram, Commander Zahurul Hoque Munshi, Dr. Abdullah Al Mahmud and Abdus Salam were killed in different encounters in the upazila during this time. The Pak army conducted mass killing and heavy plundering; they also set many houses of the upazila on fire. Sreebardi upazila was liberated on 6 December. There is a mass grave at CSD Godawan area.

For details: see শ্রীবর্দী উপজেলা, বাংলাদেশ মুক্তিযুদ্ধ জ্ঞানকোষ (Encyclopedia of Bangladesh War of Liberation), বাংলাদেশ এশিয়াটিক সোসাইটি, ঢাকা ২০২০, খণ্ড ৯।

Religiousinstitutions' Mosque 320,temple 11, church 5. Noted religious institution: Baraduari Mosque.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 34.8%; male 37.7%, female 31.9%. Educational institutions: college 3, technical college 1, secondary school 22, primary school 151, madrasa 22. Noted educational institutions: Sreebardi Government College (1969), Gopalkhila High School (1919), Sreebardi Akbaria Public Pilot High School (1945), Sreebardi Mathuranath Binodini Governemnt Pilot Girls' High School (1964), Kakilakura Fazil Madrasa (1950), Sreebardi Islamia Kamil Madrasa (1962).

Newspapers and periodicals Fortnightly: Banasree (defunct), Palli Darpan (defunct).

Cultural organisations Library 3, club 11, press club 1, stadium 1, cinema hall 2, playground 12.

Main sources of income Agriculture 69.39%, non-agricultural labourer 3.54%, industry 0.60%, commerce 10.48%, transport and communication 1.82%, service 4.05%, construction 0.69%, religious service 0.22%, rent and remittance 0.11% and others 9.10%.

Ownership of agricultural land Landowner 57.28%, landless 42.72%; agricultural landowner: urban 47.45% and rural 57.86%.

Main crops Paddy, wheat, mustard, jute, potato, vegetables.

Extinct or nearly extinct crops Pulse, arahar, kalai, sugarcane.

Main fruits Mango, blackberry, jackfruit, banana.

Fisheries, dairies and poultries Fishery 122, dairy 22, poultry 5, hatchery 1.

Communication facilities Pucca road 103 km, semi-pucca road 4 km, mud road 360 km.

Extinct or nearly extinct traditional transport Palanquin, bullock cart.

Noted manufactories Saw mill, ice factory, oil mill, flour mill, welding' factory,.

Cottage industries Goldsmith, blacksmith, potteries, wood work, tailoring, bamboo work, cane work.

Hats, bazars and fairs Hats and bazars are 11, fairs 4, most noted of which are Sreebardi Bazar, Bhayadanga Bazar, Karnazhara Bazar, Jagrar Char Bazar, Kokrar Mela at Old Sreebardi, Baishakhi Mela at Tengar Para, Baruni Snan Mela at Garjaripa and Tenachira Mela at Matiakura.

Main exports Rice, paddy, banana, vegetables.

Access to electricity All the unions of the upazila are under rural electrification net-work. However 39.0% of the dwelling households have access to electricity.

Natural resources White Clay.

Sources of drinking water Tube-well 97.2%, tap 0.1% and others 2.7%. The presence of arsenic has been detected in 17.26% shallow tube-well water of the upazila.

Sanitation 41.3% of dwelling households of the upazila use sanitary latrines and 50.5% of dwelling households use non-sanitary latrines; 8.2% of households do not have latrine facilities.

Health centres Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 10, satellite clinic 1, union health and family welfare centre 8, clinic 1.

Natural disasters A large number of people were victims of the famine, cholera and small pox of 1943. Besides, the floods of 1942 and 1988 caused heavy damages to settlements, livestock, crops and other properties of the upazila.

NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, proshika, asa, caritas, World Vision. [Syed Marufuzzaman]

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Sreebardi Upazila 2007.