Gaibandha District

Revision as of 20:10, 13 October 2023 by Nasirkhan (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

Gaibandha District (rangpur division) area 2114.77 sq km, located in between 25°02' and 25°39' north latitudes and in between 89°11' and 89°46' east longitudes. It is bounded by kurigram and rangpur districts on the north, bogra district on the south, jamalpur and Kurigram districts and brahmaputra river on the east, joypurhat, dinajpur and Rangpur districts on the west.

Population Total 2379255; male 1169127, female 1210128; Muslim 2205539, Hindu 167897, Buddhist 50, Christian 2920 and others 2849. Indigenous communities such as santal and oraon belong to this upazila.

Water bodies Main rivers: Brahmaputra, jamuna, tista, karatoya, bangali, ghaghat.

Administration The former name of Gaibandha was Bhabaniganj. Bhabaniganj Sub Division was established on 27 August 1858. The head quarters of the Sub Division was transferred to Gaibandha in 1875 when Bhabaniganj was submerged into river bed due to erosion. Once this region was included in the Baharbandh Pargana. Gaibandha Town was turned into a municipality in 1923. The municipality was abolished in 1960 and it was turned into a Town Committee. In 1973, the Town was again turned into a Paurasabha. Gaibandha district was formed in 1984. Of the seven upazilas of the district gobindaganj is the largest (481.66 sq km, it occupies 22.10% of the total area of the district) and palashbari is the smallest upazila (190.67 sq km).

Area (sq km) Upazila Municipality Union Mouza Village Population Density (per sq km) Literacy rate (%)
Urban Rural
2114.77 7 3 82 1082 1050 210524 2168731 1125 42.8
Others Information of District

Name of Upazila

(sq km)






(per sq km)

Literacy rate

Gaibandha Sadar 324.05 1 13 132 144 437268 1349 47.5
Gobindaganj 460.42 1 17 323 373 514696 1118 42.6
Palashbari 185.24 - 9 160 160 244792 1321 47.6
Fulchhari 314.03 - 7 78 85 165334 526 31.2
Saghatta 231.02 - 10 116 130 267819 1159 40.6
Sadullapur 230.12 - 11 169 169 287426 1249 44.1
Sundarganj 369.85 1 15 109 189 461920 1249 40.6

Source Bangladesh Population Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Historical events This region was a part of the Mourya, Pala, Gupta and Kamarupa kingdoms at different times. Movement was held in 1783 in this district against collection of excess taxes. Anti British movement (1921) and tebhaga movement (1946) were initiated in the district. Fayezuddin and Puti Sheikh participating in the movement to stop collection of tolls at hats and bazars were killed by police firing in 1949. A Peasant Convention was held at Fulchhari in 1956 under the leadership of maulana abdul hamid khan bhasani.

War of Liberation At the beginning of the war of liberation and after the historic seventh march address by the Bangabandhu sheikh mujibur rahman, the people of Palashbariupazila barricaded the Rangpur-Bogra Road.To dislodged the people the Pak army opened fire at the local Bazar in which one person was killed. The Pak army opened fire on the students and general people of Gobindaganjupazila on 27 March and killed about seven students, who were in an operation to destroy the Katakhali Bridge. During the War of Liberation the Pak army conducted mass tortures in different places of Gobindaganjupazila and killed 18 innocent persons. An encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at the border of Saghattaupazila in which two Pak soldiers were killed. In another battle between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Trimohoni Ghat of theupazila 27 Pak soldiers were killed and so were 12 freedom fighters; the freedom fighters also killed 17 rajakars at this time. The Pak army destroyed the bridge on the Badiakhali Road and the Singra Railway Bridge.They also set the jute godown at Bharatkhali on fire. On 16 April an encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Pirganj (Rangpur district) Sadullapur border in which 21 Pak soldiers were killed. Mass graves have been discovered at 6 places of the district; 10 memorial monuments and 3 Shaheed Samadi (martyr memorial) were built.

Literacy rate and educational institutions Average literacy 42.8%; male 46.3%, female 39.5%. Educational institutions: law college 1, homeopath college 1, BPED college 1, BEd college 1, college 104, technical educational institution 1, primary teachers training institute (PTI) 1, agricultural training institute 1, veterinary training institute 1, youth development training institute 1, secondary school 341, primary school 1317, community school 90, madrasa 582. Noted educational institutions: Gaibandha Government Boys' High School (1885), Jumarbari High School (1903), Saghatta Pilot High School (1904), Gobindaganj Multilateral High School (1912), Gaibandha Islamia High School (1914), Haripur BSM Government Girls' School (1914), Khod Kumurpur High School (1915), Shibram Adarsha Government Primary' School (1916), Gaibandha Government Girls' High School (1916), Bamandanga MN High School (1917), Tulshighat Kashinath High School (1917), Basudevpur Chandra Kishore School and College (1917), Pearapur High School (1917), Belka MC High School (1918), Sadullapur Multilateral Pilot High School (1918), Palashbari S.M Pilot High School (1919), Kamdia Bilateral High School (1921), Chapadaha B.L High School (1919), Kazi Azhar Ali High School (1920), Raushanbag High School (1926), Katgara Bilateral High School (1927), Bharatkhali High School (1929).

Main sources of income Agriculture 65.08%, non-agricultural labourer 2.48%, industry 0.77%, commerce 11.85%, transport and communication 4.22%, service 5.37%, construction 1.19%, religious service 0.19%, rent and remittance 0.22% and others 8.63%.

Newspapers and periodicals Daily: Ghaghat (1991), Sandhan (1992), Palash (1999), Janasanket (1993), Bhorer Surya (1998), weekly: Ganaprahari (1981), Gaibandha (1982), Palash (1984), Gayer Katha (1991), Panthashala (1991), Ganauttaran (1992), Katakhali (2001), Anar (2002); defunct: Weekly Kanthashwar (1973), Weekly Ganadut (1972), Weekly Agradut (1928), Fortnightly Purbadiganta (1961), Monthly Tista (1963).

Folkculture Palli Geeti, Bhawaya, Jarigan, Sarigan, Chharagan and various folk songs on the occasion of marriage ceremony are notable. Besides, the indigenous communities display various songs and dances on the occasions of marriage ceremony, child birth, mourning, etc.

Tourist spots Vardhan Kuthi in Gobindaganj upazila (17th century), house of Naldanga Zamindar, house of Bamandanga Zamindar (1259), Kashtha Kali Mandir at Bharatkhali, Palace of Raja Birat in Gobindaganj (743-800 AD),' Mirer Bagan Shah Sultan Gazi Mosque at Gaibandha Sadar (1308). [Zahurul Qayum]

See also The upazilas under this district.

References Bangladesh Population Census 2001 and 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Gaibandha District 2007; Cultural survey report of different upazilas of Gaibandha District 2007.